Several proximally based muscle flaps from the foot have been developed, including the abductor hallucis muscle, abductor digiti minimi muscle, extensor digitorum brevis muscle, and flexor digitorum brevis muscle island pedicle flaps.
For MCV of the post-tibial nerves, supra maximal stimuli were applied to the ankle and knee, and the compound muscle action potential was recorded from surface electrodes placed over the abductor hallucis muscle. Motor nerve conduction time, which is defined as the difference between the proximal and distal motor nerve latencies, in this instance, gave the motor nerve conduction velocity (MVC) of the knee-to ankle segment of the leg, when divided into the knee-to-ankle distance.
The peroneal musculature is involved in releve (14) and there is a relationship between hallux valgus and the partial functional loss of the abductor hallucis muscle. (15-18) Electromyographic analysis through surface electrodes has been applied to dance in several studies, especially in demi-plie, grand-plie and developpe.