heavily relies on the valuer's judgment, education, and experience.
is the process of least-but-best guessing: If you shave close enough and often enough with Occam's razor--the logical "law" that says the least best guess for a given set of fact allegations is the most valuable--you'll win.
is a rigorous process of speculation based on bringing literature and theory to bear on empirical findings.
The practice of abductive reasoning
requires the integration of leading-edge expert perspectives; however, there exists an anti-intellectual strain that encourages strategists and military professionals to limit their reading to a certain canon.
Within these chapters, Koperski addresses such topics as abductive reasoning
, the strong and weak anthropic principles, atheism as an assumed fundamental precept of science, Boltzmann brains, determinism and free will, arguments and evidence regarding divine intervention, emergence and reductionism, evil, evolution, creationism and intelligent design, fine-tuning of the universe, and multiverse theories.
Por otra parte, en comparacion con Abductive Reasoning
(Springer, Dordrecht, 2006), la dimension inferencial de la abduccion ha quedado tan condensada que el capitulo podria resultarles insuficiente para una comprension cabal.
1]  Peirce pointed out that human minds have a natural abductive reasoning
facility for making successful guesses and discerning meaning, writing, "Mind is First, Matter is Second, Evolution is Third" 
It makes use of abductive reasoning
, which is fundamentally different from induction and deduction.
Peirce in fact describes abductive reasoning
as a sort of reasoning that is not only more everyday, but also more creative than the usual inductive or deductive reasoning associated with the sciences (Walton 613; Davis 22-25).
The former situates big data as an ever-shifting target that has less to do with size and more with the ability to rapidly combine, aggregate, and analyze, while the latter situates big data research as a particular view of scientific praxis that privileges abductive reasoning
and model building.
GCT is focused on helping students learn not only genetics domain materials, but also the complex abductive reasoning
skills needed to make inferences within this domain.
Complementary to the current mainstream uses of data mining for learning environments, we apply data mining in the OME for abductive reasoning
(Ross, 2010) with transparent explanatory hypotheses.
In such cases, one sensible way to proceed is to engage in abductive reasoning
imagining alternatively that each party's story is actually true and considering how well those stories would explain the given pattern of evidence.
is a pragmatic approach which involves using existing theoretical explanations to make inferences about data, and accommodating surprising or anomalous patterns by modifying the existing theory, with the ultimate aim of finding the most plausible way to explain what is happening (Bringer et al.
These connections anchor our symbolizations to concrete experiences in everyday life, through the articulation of plausibility structures rooted in symbolic analogy and abductive reasoning