Abdominal cocoon was first observed by Owtschinnikow in 1907, who called it as peritonitis chronica fibrosa incapsulata at that time, first described and named by Singapore researchers Foo et al .
Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis: Abdominal cocoon.
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP), also known as abdominal cocoon
, was first described in 1907 by Owtschinnikow and characterized by a thick grayish-white fibrotic membrane, partially or totally encasing the small bowel.
To the best of our knowledge, the review of literature of abdominal cocoon
due to tubercular etiology shows that only 22 cases have been reported which included only 9 male patients so far.
The abdominal cocoon
is an infrequently encountered cause of intestinal obstruction that was was first observed by Owtschinnikow in 1907, and later, termed the 'Cocoon' by Foo in 1978.
generally presents as recurrent acute or sub acute intestinal obstruction with or without a mass .