In 1878, two treaties were eventually concluded by A'lam
, one with the British to lease ('padjak', see my column last week) and another, a peace agreement with the Spanish resulting in the establishment of a Spanish fort/garrison in Siasi, occupying about 6 hectares of the area, in exchange for recognition by Spain of the sultanate and rent in the amount of 1,500 Mexican silver pesos annually.
See, e.g., 5 UMAR KAHHALA, A'LAM
AL-NISA, 67-70 (entry on "Umm al-Muqdadir billah") (describing Umm al-Muqtadir billah's appointment of a woman judge in a Baghdad tribunal in the tenth century A.D., noting that initially, the people did not solicit her judgment, but on her second day on the job, when she brought the famous scholar/judge Abul Hassan to illustrate scholarly approval, the people overcame their resistance).
Both allow for uncertainty on this point, and the discussion in the latter volume concludes: wa-llahu a'lam
, "God is the greater knower!"
The translation is according to the Arabic version quoted in Mir Basri, A'lam
al-Yahud fi al-'Iraq al-Hadith [Eminent Jewish Personalities in the New Iraq] (Jerusalem: Rabitat al-Jami'iyyin al-Yahud al-Nazihin min al-'Iraq, 1993), II, p.
Bewley's sources are various classical biographical collections (many of which have a section on women), biographical references in other works, and the five-volume set A'lam
an-Nisa', by 'Umar Rida Kahhala, all on notable women.
(13.) Mohammad Omar Hamada, A'lam
Filastin, Part I (Dar Kutaiba, 1985), 162-453.
The following brief assessment of Shawkat is based on Kerr to Eden, 4 January 1938, FO 371/21853/E 435; Basri, A'lam
al-Siyasa, 141-5; al-Swaydi, Wujuh Iraqiyya, 124-6.
The seminar, organized by A'lam
Al Hijn Magazine in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, will cover two main themes.
A similar incident was monitored in Hebron, where The "Institutes Security" interrogated, producer and presenter at A'lam
Radio Station, Muntaser Billah Nassar.
the similar practice of 'A'isha al-Ba'uniyya, in Faris Ahmad al-'Allawi, 'A'isha al-Ba'uniyya al-Dima shqiyya: Ashhar a'lam
Dimashq awakhir 'ahd al-Mamalik--Dirasa wa-nusus (Damascus: Dar Ma'add, 1994), P.
748/1348), Siyar a'lAm
al-nubala' and Tarikh al-islam.
Work is underway at a number of major investment projects, such as the first stage of Salalah Beach Resort, Al Soudah Island project, A'lam
Salalah Tourism Complex, Al Baleed Resort and Al Shuwaimiyah Resort.
radio presenter Samer Ruweishid was arrested by the Palestinian Intelligence Services in Hebron city; he remains in custody.
Khayyats Tabaqat and Ta'rikh; Waki's Akhbar al-qudat; Ibn Abi Hatim al-Razis Taqdima and Kitab al-Jarh wa-l-ta'dil; al-Kindi's Kitab al-Wulat wa-l-qudat fi Misr; Abu Nu'aym al-Isfahani's Hilyat al-awliya' wa-tabaqat al-asfiya' Ibn 'Asakirs Ta'rlkh madinat Dimashq; al-Mizzis Tahdhib al-kamal fi asma' al-rijal; al-Dhahabi's Tarlkh al-Islam and Siyar a'lam
al-nubala'; and Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani's Tahdhib al-tahdhib.
(26.) Huwa a'lam
man baqiya bi-l-sunna and huwa a'lam
al-nas bi-ma unzila 'ala Muhammad respectively.