Bluetooth BLE Wi-Fi Thread Power Low Very low High Low consumption (>30 mA) (<15 mA) (60 mW) Max range 50m/100m 50 m 100m 30 m Standard 802.15.1 802.15.1 802.11 802.15.4 (originally) (originally) Market Very high High Very high Low adoption Max data rate 24 Mbps 1 Mpbs/2 Mbps 300 Mbps 250 Kbps NFC ZigBee Other (nRF24) Power Very low Medium (<1 [micro]W Very low consumption (<15 mA) to 50mW) (15 mA) Max range 0.2 m 100m 30 m Standard ISO/IEC 18092, 802.15.4 -- ISO/IEC 14443-2,3,4 Market High High (in industrial Low adoption developments) Max data rate 424 Kbps 250 Kbps 1 Mpbs/2 Mbps
A middleware has been designed and implemented over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN
) and Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP), both specialized for tiny devices, to enable web services to manipulate simple resources (e.g., vision sensors) .
Outgoing IPv6 packets flow from the uIPv6 layer to the 6LoWPAN
layer for header compression and fragmentation.
The leading communication technologies used in the IoT world are IEEE 802.15.4, low power WiFi, 6LoWPAN
, RFID, NFC, Sigfox, LoraWAN, and other proprietary protocols for wireless networks.
Meanwhile other systems employ embedded HTTP servers and 6LoWPAN
protocols to integrate things to the web directly.
The ranges of protocols such as 6LowPAN
and Bluetooth are generally restricted to 100m or less (although Bluetooth 5 will change this).
The Wi-SUN Alliance FAN solution utilizes IEEE 802.15.4, a global wireless communications standard, IETF IPv6 protocols including UDP/TCP, 6LoWPAN
adaptation + header compression, routing using RPL and IEEE 802.1x enterprise level security, to enable robust, high performance, low power and long-range networks.
Wireless transmission can be provided using an IEEE 802.15.4 module such as a ZigBee or 6LoWPAN
Secondly, because it is the routing algorithm used by ZigBee and 6LoWPAN
(under the LOAD routing), some of the most representative IEEE 802.15.4 standard-based network protocols , .
With its patented technologies, the company leads the way in next-generation wireless solutions designed for the multibillion dollar WLAN 802.11b/g/a/n/ac, MIMO, IoT / M2M, 802.15.4 / ZigBee, Thread, Bluetooth Classic, Bluetooth Low Energy, ANT, 6LoWPAN
, AMR / AMI, and wireless audio/video streaming markets.
The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm was tested using a Low Power, 2.4 GHz Transceiver for ZigBee, RF4CE, IEEE 802.15.4, 6LoWPAN
, and ISM Applications AT86RF233.
Specifically, EMS companies should be wise to basic interfaces like Bluetooth, USB, Zigbee (for low-power LAN sensor technology), RFID, Bluetooth Low Energy, Z-wave and IPv6 as well as open hard-ware platforms (ARM architecture) and standards such as 6LoWPAN
, Weightless, and 802.11 that support IoT communication and networking technologies.