Capacity-limited elimination of 4-hydroxybutyrate
(Gamma OH(r)), ethanol and vinylbital (Bykonox(r)), Pharmaceutisch Weekblad (1975) 110:1257-1262.
A component of wine, ethyl 4-hydroxybutyrate
, may explain its ability to reduce emotional tension, relieve anxiety, and produce relaxation.
3-hydroxybutyrate with 4-hydroxybutyrate
, cultured by fermentation synthesis.
beans, leafy vegetables, rhubarb, spinach, tomatoes, strawberries, tea, chocolate); infant formula; ascorbic acid; xylitol; ethylene glycol; methoxyflurane Other acids and metabolites 2-Hydroxyglutarate (82, 85) Bacterial contamination (D-form); lithium; uremia; increase with younger age; 2-ketoglutarate degradation 3,4-Dihydroxybutyrate Diet (2-deoxytetronate) 3-Hydroxyisobutyrate (32) Ketosis 4,5-Dihydroxyhexanoate 4-Hydroxybutyrate