The chapter ends with Hannah and Eli worshiping God (1 Samuel
SAUL'S OFFENSES AND THEIR PUNISHMENTS: 1 SAMUEL 13 AND 15
A number of studies acknowledge the tragic nature of Saul's portrayal in 1 Samuel, with different degrees of emphasis on divine and human responsibility.
(12) These divine-human dynamics and the consequences of a king's impiety underlie the account of Saul in 1 Samuel. They allow one to view Saul through the ancient perspective of 1 Samuel, a perspective quite different from that of modern interpreters.
In 1 Samuel, divine endorsement of Saul's rule (1 Samuel 9:15-16) quickly expires, though Saul's physical rule endures significantly longer.13 Two resemblant offenses committed by Saul result in the cessation of the Lord's support.
In the first part of Saul's judgment (1 Samuel 13:14a), Samuel states that Saul's kingdom over Israel would have been established had Saul obeyed the command of the Lord (1 Samuel 13:13).
Another military conflict commences in 1 Samuel 15, creating a similar environment for Saul to commit an offense analogous to that in chapter 13.
The original draft of Samuel was supplemented in his view in two stages: First, in what roughly corresponds to 1 Samuel 9-30, the rise and demise of Saul and the rise of David, and in almost all of 2 Samuel, the tales or David's reign (e.g., the incident with Mephibosheth, David and Bathsheba, Absalom, etc.); Second, in what roughly corresponds to 1 Samuel 1-8, the story of Samuel, and also additional materials about the Saul-David rivalry in 1 Samuel 15; 19:20-24; 20; 25-30; and in 2 Samuel 1-4 (the rival kingship of Ishbosheth), 20.
While I disagree strongly with Auld's approach (see my commentary on 1 Samuel in the Word series and my commentaries on 1 and 2 Chronicles in the Hermeneia series), Auld is a major contemporary scholar, and this commentary breaks new ground on many passages, but will also evoke many scholarly debates.
As Luke writes the opening chapters of his gospel, do you think he has the Greek version of 1 Samuel
somewhere on his desk?
In 1 Samuel
2 we read about Eli's two sons' licentious and corrupt behavior and their refusal to heed Eli's warning.
Hannah's story in 1 Samuel brings inspiration for us to be persistent in our prayer life.
She couldn't have children, which in that culture was considered a divine curse (1 Samuel 1:5-6).
On one occasion when she went to worship, Hannah was in such distress that she poured out her heart "in deep anguish, crying bitterly as she prayed to the Lord " (1 Samuel 1:10).
In the process, he repeats a misconception foreshadowed in 1 Samuel
9, that a king must look like a king (tall, handsome, etc.).