1 Samuel

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Synonyms for 1 Samuel

the first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David

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A number of studies acknowledge the tragic nature of Saul's portrayal in 1 Samuel, with different degrees of emphasis on divine and human responsibility.
12) These divine-human dynamics and the consequences of a king's impiety underlie the account of Saul in 1 Samuel.
The first malefaction, occurring in 1 Samuel 13:8-13, stems from Saul's violation of Samuel's instructions.
Another military conflict commences in 1 Samuel 15, creating a similar environment for Saul to commit an offense analogous to that in chapter 13.
31) The penalty dealt to Saul in 1 Samuel 15 is more personal than that which resulted from his first offense.
43) In 1 Samuel 28 Saul turns to illicit divination to seek advise from the deceased Samuel (28:3, see also 25:1) through the medium (eset baalat 'ob) of Endor (1 Samuel 28:7).
Accordingly, the prophetic announcement which Samuel spoke to Saul in 1 Samuel 15 is once again portrayed as completely fulfilled in Samuel's eyes.
These three sons of Saul figure into this discussion insofar as their deaths are not the result of the rejection of Saul's dynasty in 1 Samuel 13.
Saul's instrumentality is a crucial element tying 1 Samuel 14, where Saul both invoked the Lord against himself and placed Jonathan under the curse of death, with their exterminations in 1 Samuel 31.
Moreover, Saul's agency is further compounded in that he invoked the Lord against himself through his broken oaths in 1 Samuel 14, as well as placing Jonathan under the curse of death.
Moreover, Chronicles also presumes specific knowledge of 1 Samuel 28, as the Chronicler's unique contribution of Saul's death depends on Saul's decision to seek a medium.
The Chronicler's narrative of Saul's battle with the Philistines on Mount Gilboa and his death largely follows 1 Samuel 31, with several minor differences which are not central to this study, save one (addressed below).
Some argue the Chronicler's addition refer generally to Saul's behavior, (60) while others suggest it refers specifically to 1 Samuel 13 and/or 15.
While I disagree strongly with Auld's approach (see my commentary on 1 Samuel in the Word series and my commentaries on 1 and 2 Chronicles in the Hermeneia series), Auld is a major contemporary scholar, and this commentary breaks new ground on many passages, but will also evoke many scholarly debates.