Africana womanist Dorothy Randall Tsuruta (2012) notes that womanishness
is characterized by gumption.
Karen's mother seems to agree, telling Karen that "there is always that touch--Jewish perhaps--of womanishness
about him" (124).
Womanishness was only one of the degraded and degrading qualities the pantomaniac absorbed through his intoxication with the dance, however, for pantomime viewing led to a more sweeping disempowerment of the spectator effected on a multiplicity of levels.
First of all, in a world where elite education was so obsessively and unilaterally geared to the construction of manliness and the purging of all signs of womanishness, pantomania worked as a destabilizing agent in challenging and disrupting existing gender ideologies (cf.
If imperialist aggression constructs womanishness
as its primary other, to which the image of the colonial other must be forcibly assimilated if it is to remain subordinate, this sort of colonial hypermasculinity constructs womanishness
as its primary other from which it must similarly dissociate itself if freedom is to be attained.