I don't think it is helpful to criticise Pakistan's Afghan policy also at a juncture where the endgame can cost heavily with potentials of plunging Afghanistan once again to warlordisms
and internal chaos with a massive spill over of violence into Pakistan.
is sometimes a necessary evil, a national government should eliminate the warlord as soon as possible.
If Afghanistan returns to warlordism
, which is a plausible scenario, it would be because of the shortsighted policies of the United States that came to Afghanistan on the back (actually horseback) of Northern Alliance and created a government and army where the non-Pashtuns carry weight quite disproportional to their actual percentage in the population.
Descent into clan-based warfare and warlordism
was the result.
Peace envoy Brahimi warned the intensifying conflict could see "the state and its institutions withering away, lawlessness spreading, warlordism
, banditry, narcotics, arms smuggling and worst of all the ugly face of communal and sectarian strife take hold of Syria.
Lack of follow-through by the international community (including the UN and ECOWAS) allowed Taylor to convert his armed faction into the national army and security apparatus and essentially continue the warlordism
and profiteering from the nation's natural resources he had perfected during the conflict.
Prompted by reflection on enduring warlordism
under the auspices of of the Karzai government in occupied Afghanistan, Marten (political science, Barnard College) provides a comparative examination of recent cases of state leader (foreign and domestic) responses to warlords (or "local power brokers" in Washington euphemism) in order to theorize the relationship between states, sovereignty, warlords, and stability and security in the contemporary world order.
For example, consider how patron-client relations in some African countries collapsed and were replaced by coercive warlordism
However, the LRA also needs to be understood as a product of northern Ugandan grievances against southern Ugandan political domination, as a manifestation of proxy struggles between regional powers in the Horn of Africa, and as a classic example of unaccountable warlordism
in one of Africa's least governed spaces.
In Afghanistan, "regionalism and warlordism
tore the country apart in the wake of Soviet withdrawal.
But the fragile state struggled to unify its territory, suffering warlordism
and ideological cleavage before finding refuge from the civil war on Taiwan after Chiang Kai-shek's forces were routed by the Communists in the late 1940s.
The Taliban had risen to power in the mid-1990s in reaction to the anarchy and warlordism
that arose after the withdrawal of Soviet forces.
In short, commercial warlordism
is based on money and guns.
Regardless of the formal recognition of democracy by the Bonn Agreement, in the post-2001 period, both the Afghan government and the international community paid less attention in providing the ground for institutionalizing democracy in Afghanistan due to the ongoing challenges of warlordism
and the Taliban-led insurgency.
One fails to understand why the media should place so little faith in its own security forces who are struggling day and night and sacrificing their lives and limbs to safeguard ordinary citizens from the brutality and savagery of the terrorists who have spread murder and mayhem in the country and are not even sparing innocent women and children as well as mosques and other holy places in their quest for establishing their brutal warlordism
in certain areas of Pakistan.