Human milk feedings and infection among very low birth weight infants.
Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight infants.
The ORs associated with TTHM exposure showed statistically significant heterogeneity between water regions, for both low and very low birth weight but not for stillbirths (Table 2, notes).
Among the individual THMs, chloroform showed a similar pattern of risk for stillbirths and low and very low birth weight to that of TTHM, both for the overall summary estimates across the three regions and in each individual region.
The logistic regression models for both low and very low birth weight had 15 terms, including intercept.
Several variables that were predictors of low birth weight remain strong risk factors for very low birth weight, including African-American race of the mother (OR = 1.
Washington, Nov 20 (ANI): Babies with very low birth weights
are at an increased risk of developing chronic renal disease, called segmental glomerulosclerosis, in future, according to a new study.
Similarly, whereas 5% of women with no diagnosis bore an infant who was low-birth-weight (less than 2,500 g), the proportion was 10-18% among those with a diagnosis; for very low birth weight
(less than 1,500 g), the proportion was 1% for those with no documented disorder and 3% for women with a psychiatric or substance-related disorder or both.
The researchers studied the women's characteristics and type of antiretroviral therapy used, as well as the following outcomes for singleton births: premature and very premature delivery (at less than 37 and 32 weeks' gestation, respectively), low and very low birth weight
(less than 2,500 g and 1,500 g, respectively), possibly and definitely abnormal Apgar scores (less than seven and four, respectively) at one minute and five minutes, and stillbirth.
They identified 42,463 infants born alive who were conceived through a total of 136,972 ART procedures, and they analyzed the prevalence of low birth weight (2,500 g or less) and very low birth weight
(less than 1,500 g), as well as factors such as the woman's age, number of previous births, type of ART used, whether ART had been used before and cause of infertility.
They also conclude that it is likely that "men who had very low birth weight
will lag behind their normal-birth-weight peers in their ultimate educational and occupational achievement.
Three birth-weight categories were defined: BWT1 for normal birth weights greater than 2,500 grams, BWT2 for low birth weights from 1,500 to 2,500 grams, and BWT3 for very low birth weights
less than 1,500 grams.