Even, aiming the screw anteromedially rather than anterolaterally can lead to penetration of the transverse foramen and thus vertebral artery
Anomalous origin of the right vertebral artery
: Review of the literature and case report of right vertebral artery
origin distal to the left subclavian artery.
We describe an oligosymptomatic patient with bilateral progressive vertebral artery
The vertebral artery
runs through foramina in the transverse processes of vertebral bodies CI through C6 (FIGURE 3).
There are many studies on aortic and vertebral artery
dissections after sildenafil use (2,3,4,5).
Management of extra-cranial vertebral artery
The retro-articular vertebral artery
ring of the atlas and its significance.
The potential benefits of carotid angioplasty were first highlighted by the Carotid and Vertebral Artery
Transluminal Angioplasty Study (CAVATAS)13 which showed that endovascular approach avoid the main complication of CEA incision i.
This foramen transmits the vertebral artery
, vertebral vein and sympathetic fibers from the inferior cervical ganglion.
Headache and neck pain in spontaneous internal carotid and vertebral artery
The left vertebral artery
, which normally runs through the vertebrae proceeding away from the C1 vertebra, was not revealed by CT angiography, indicating traumatic vertebral artery
An aberrant BA has been reported to originate from various arteries, such as aortic arch, brachiocephalic artery, subclavian artery, IMA, thyrocervical trunk, costocervical trunk, inferior phrenic artery, abdominal aorta, vertebral artery
, or left gastric artery [6-8].
The stellate ganglion is located medial to the scalene muscles, lateral to the longus colli muscle and the trachea, together with the laryngeal recurrent nerve, anterior to the transverse process; the inferior most section is located posteriorly to the superior margin of the first section of the subclavian artery and at the origin of the vertebral artery
, posterior to the apex of the lung.
Neither defendant admitted throwing the fatal punch which ruptured his vertebral artery
and led to bleeding on the brain.
A carotid or vertebral artery
dissection is often heralded by a severe headache and neck pain.