Some of them only predict the presence of operational faults (such as cycling of the system and incorrect fan operation) but not system faults such as refrigerant over- and undercharge
Single- and Multiple-Fault Test Matrix for the Walk-In Freezer Fault Ambient Fault Capacity Tests Temperatures Levels Degradation No fault 55[degrees]F, 0 n/a 3 75[degrees]F, 95[degrees]F Compressor valve leakage 75[degrees]F 0-5 0%-10% 6 Liquid-line restriction 75[degrees]F 0-5 0%-60% 6 Condenser fouling 75[degrees]F 0-5 0%-2% 6 Evaporator fouling 75[degrees]F 0-5 0%-8% 6 Low refrigerant charge 75[degrees]F 0-5 0%-22% 6 Ice accumulation 75[degrees]F n/a n/a 1 Evaporator fouling, 75[degrees]F 5 20% 1 compressor valve leak Evaporator fouling, condenser 75[degrees]F 5 4% 1 fouling Evaporator fouling, 75[degrees]F 5 25% 1 liquid-line restriction Evaporator fouling, system 75[degrees]F 5 5% 1 undercharge
Furthermore, rising rates create opportunities for adjustment errors that produce undercharges
as well as overcharges.
Operating carriers may seek a waiver of undercharges
resulting from the inadvertent tariff errors;
The bankruptcy of a carrier can pose serious difficulties for a shipper, even without undercharge
2) With the high court ruling in favor of strict enforcement of the filed rate doctrine, rejecting the ICC's interpretation of the MCA, the floodgate for undercharge
Reid predicted that legislation addressing the undercharge
crisis will be introduced in the new Congress.
Based on the Supreme Court's ruling, it would appear that if the common carrier (or its trustee) asserts a claim for the undercharges
, that the shippers would be required to pay the amount of the undercharge
Defending and Avoiding Undercharge
Claims and Suits
Congress granted some relief to defendants in pending undercharge
According to the National Beer Wholesalers Association, the truck undercharge
issue may be heading towards resolution.
The article addresses such topics as recovering unpaid loss-and-damage claims, defending against possible undercharge
claims by CF's bankruptcy trustee and time limits that affect claims filings.
2121, the bipartisan proposal to end the motor freight undercharge
crisis, will be considered by the House Public Works Committee sometime this fall.
The Clinton Administration has endorsed legislation to grant relief for undercharge
claims, the National Beer Wholesalers Association has reported.
In addition, Lexington Clinic can use the claims information stored in Phynance to calculate expected patient balances at or before the time of service and to generate comprehensive undercharge
reports that will allow the group to optimize its chargemaster.