References in periodicals archive ?
McHardy studies the demographics of the unbeneficed clergy in statistics from the three poll taxes of 1377, 1379, and 1381.
What all these texts speak to in some way is the fact that the unbeneficed clergy found themselves in circumstances that forced them to be dependent on the laity for their livelihood.
Some unbeneficed clergy, of course, might have preferred "free-lancing," and some landed on their feet in quite respectable non-ecclesiastical jobs: Hoccleve, despite his grumbling, was clearly a valued member of the king s service in the Office of the Privy Seal.
Historians often cite the "autobiographical passage" in Langland's Piers Plowman as accurately portraying the plight of the unbeneficed and, more specifically, those without patronage for study.
29) The use of the motif here, though possibly just rhetorical, hints at something more: where scholars have routinely assumed monastic authorship and copying of late medieval devotional works like the Orchard, unbeneficed workers are also possible candidates and are documented on both sides of the monastic wall.
42) The swelling ranks of the unbeneficed clergy were dependent on the laity for their funding-something that was slowly changing the dynamics of English society and vernacular literature.
For detailed analysis showing that the unbeneficed were underpaid chaplains in charge of about half the parish churches in Norwich, but often able to supplement their incomes via the chantries endowed by the laity, see Norman P.
Yet like Busnoys's, Ockeghem's musical career had a modest start: the unbeneficed singer listed at Antwerp in 1443/4 could well have been a late teenager, at most in minor orders, and part of an unruly clerical subculture of which chapter acts (when they survive) rarely fail to report startling excesses of indecency, profanity and violence.
And closer study of the songs, which seem to have won him an international reputation much more quickly, might give us a more intimate picture of his creative thought-processes during these years, when he is likely to have remained in close touch with the musically resourceful if earthy environment of unbeneficed singers (as in songs like 'S'elle m'amera - Petite camusette' or 'L'autre d'antan'), and may have written many now anonymous works to which serious consideration has so far been denied.
Consequently she argues that the parish clergy from the unusually well educated rectors and vicars, the myriad chantry priests and the unbeneficed stipendiary priests formed a homogeneous body of secular clergy which lived harmoniously with the Augustinian canons of St Augustine's abbey, the Benedictines of St James's priory and the friars of the four town convents.
Thesaurus browser ?
Full browser ?