Several surgical approaches to the frontal sinus have been described, including frontal sinusotomy, endoscopic endonasal sinusotomy, and various combined approaches that involve both endoscopic techniques and frontal sinus trephination
However, results of aerobic culture of a sample collected during the trephination
procedure was negative for bacterial growth.
Treatment modalities vary from curettage and bone grafting to trephination
with injection of allogeneic demineralized bone matrix and autogenous bone marrow.
was common practice and the osteological evidence is that survival was high and the rate of infection low.
was practiced for a number of reasons (including allowing egress of bad spirits in cases of illness and head injury), it is conceivable that the trephination
was made directly over a depressed skull fracture.
Incision was made by using surgical blade #11, and drainage by artery forceps and bone trephination
However, suture repair of avascular zone tears in tandem with trephination
of the peripheral tissue resulted in partial or complete healing in all cases.
and Cranial Deformation", en Steward, T.
Michael March, "From Trephination
to Tailored Resection: Neurosurgery in Germany before World War II" Buchfelder, Volume 56, 2005, Issue 3, pp 605-613
Comparison of pulpectomy alone versus pulpectomy with trephination
for the relief pain.
Benjamin Winslow Dudley and early American trephination
for posttraumatic epilepsy.
The most successful "new civilization" managed to bag hospitals, habeas corpus, and trephination
(Incan brain surgery).
Furthermore, there have been a lopsided number of cases of trephination
for subdural hematomas.
Incision and trephination
were performed; pathologic examination after orthopedic intramedullary placement is shown in Figure 5.
Based on carbon-14 dating, the oldest example of trephination
was discovered in the Ukraine and is dated as 7300 B.