transposon


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Related to transposon: insertion sequence
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  • noun

Synonyms for transposon

a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)

References in periodicals archive ?
This is, however, not uncommon with various DNA transposons and LTR retrotransposons locating in both promoter and coding regions of genes.
The transposons instructed zebrafish cells to mark mutated proteins with a fluorescent protein 'tag.
Construction of a Vibrio cholerae vaccine candidate using Transposon delivery and FLP recombinase-mediated excision.
Sometime long in the past, Zapotec farmers must have selected kernels for reseeding that contained an inhibitor of the mutator transposon, whose effect is thus countered as long as the maize is exclusively inbred, If crossed with other races, however, the mutator transposon can escape to other breeds and act like a genetic time bomb.
Transformations in strains could be brought about, and transposon mutagenesis could be one of the ways of evolving more suitable strains for tackling various situations.
In addition, through combined cancer informatics and functional genomics approaches we aim to identify novel mechanisms driving tumour heterogeneity and biological processes that permit the propagation of heterogeneous cells using novel transposon based approaches.
Topics include: transposon Tn7, mercury resistant transposons, integrons, inteins and introns, restriction-modification systems as mobile epigenetic elements, Tn1549 and closely related elements, integrative and conjugative elements encoding DDE transposases, and the staphylococcal cassette chromosome.
The second technology employed is a genetic correction tool developed at the University of Minnesota: the Sleeping Beauty Transposon, a piece of DNA that can jump into the human genome, carrying useful genes with it.
Further complicating this measurement problem is the knowledge that a subset of LINE-1 elements (possibly up to 80) is transposon competent, meaning that when these competent sequences are unmethy-latcd (i.
The nine studies cover catalytic activity in transcripts from Schistosoma non-autonomous retro-transposons, mobile genetic elements of malaria vectors and other mosquitoes, retro-transposons in the genomes of the digenean parasitic trematodes Clonochis sinensis and Paragonimus westermani, endogenous retro-transposon sequences of the Schistosoma mansoni intermediate snail host Biomphalaria glabrata, the transposon-mediated transgenis of mosquitoes, Schistosome long terminal repeat retro-transposons colonizing Schistosome genomes, Schistosome DNA transposons, and mobile genetic elements resident in hookworm genomes.
The details of vancomycin resistance have been best documented with the vanA gene cluster found on the transposon, or "jumping" genetic element, Tn1546 (36).
A DNA transposon of the Hsmar1 class inserted itself into a pre-existing gene (known as the SET gene) in an ancestor of apes and monkeys.
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