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The anatomical site of occlusion varies from distal spermatic cord (low inguinal) to proximal testicular vein (retroperitoneal).
After that, it ran obliquely in the abdominal cavity between the left testicular vein medially and left ureter laterally.
In the Ivanissevich approach, testicular artery and lymphatics are spared and the testicular veins are ligated at the inguinal ring (Raheem, 2013).
Of the extratesticular varieties, the left-side ones are more frequently involved because their venous drainage is indirect: The left testicular vein drains into the left renal vein, while the right testicular vein drains directly into the IVC.
Serum chitotriosidase levels were determined from samples obtained from the brachial and testicular veins.
It also gave testicular artery while crossing IVC and was crossed anteriorly by testicular vein (Fig.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated dilated, thick-walled, thrombosed testicular vein with increased intraluminal signaling in the right spermatic cord in axial T1A-weighted fat-suppressed images, with normal other organ findings (Fig.
Ninety-eight percent of the varicoceles without specific causes occur on the left side apparently because the left testicular vein connects to the renal vein at a 90 degree angle, while the right testicular vein drains at a lesser angle.