18,19) This test involves direct compression of the proximal and radial edge of the pronator teres muscle
belly along the proximal volar forearm with the thumb.
While passing toward the interosseous membrane, the common interosseous artery was separated from the median and anterior interosseous nerves by the ulnar head of the pronator teres muscle
After its formation, the median nerve reaches at the upper border of pronator teres and then it passes between the two heads of the pronator teres muscle.
Hence, the aim of this study was to give detailed anatomical information about the pronator teres muscle innervation.
9 cm above the intercondylar line and it was running medial to brachial artery all along its length and in the cubital fossa it crosses the artery from above and then goes and supply the pronator teres muscle [Figure 1].
Awareness of variation in length and branches to the pronator teres muscle is of great significance for clinical doctors, orthopedists, and physiotherapists.
The common interosseous artery after origin passed deep to the pronator teres muscle
and gave muscular branches to pronator teres and other deep muscles of forearm (Photograph 3).
A course of fascial stripping techniques was initiated, including: cross friction massage, instrument assisted fascial stripping to the medial epicondyle area and over the belly of the pronator teres muscle
using gua sha tools, ischemic compression of the trigger point found in the pronator teres, active assisted compressions to the trigger point noted in the pronator teres, and general mobilizations of the carpals, specifically the scaphoid as this carpal was noted to be restricted on motion palpation.
Figure 1 illustrates the trigger point locations along the biceps, at the bicipital aponeurosis and in the pronator teres muscle.
TrPs at the pronator teres muscle were also common clinical findings, but were not present in two patients.
In this study, patients' symptoms associated with CTS improved in the majority of patients who received ischemic compression therapy in the axilla of the shoulder, the length of the biceps, at the bicipital aponeurosis and at the pronator teres muscle.
The relation of the median nerve to the pronator teres muscle
Campbell reported that the medial collateral ligament of the dog is located immediately below the junction of the pronator teres muscle
and radial flexor muscle of the carpus, distally to their origins.