A minimum of three areas of the tegument
of each parasite were assessed.
5% sodium hypochlorite for 5 minutes for embryos with the tegument
A total of 40 structural proteins, comprising 3 capsid, 13 envelope, 2 tegument
, and 22 unclassified proteins, were described.
Cases of resistance or tolerance to praziquantel due to alteration of the tegument
of the adult worm have been reported, especially from high-burden areas such as Egypt, where some patients have required multiple courses of the drug.
Anyway, the marker's placement is relative, that because it's impossible to determine the right position of the joint's centre of rotation and on the other hand because of the relative sliding between moulded pants and skin tegument
These receptors (SSTRs), presence of whom have been confirmed in humans, rats and mice, have now been shown by us also on the miracidia, worm tegument
and internal structures of S.
According to Cable (1956), a fellodistomid cercariae can be identified by the following characteristics: Distome, pharyngeate larva, tegument
spinose or smooth, eyespots present or absent, stylet lacking, excretory vesicle thin-walled, and a long and slender trichocercous tail, developing in marine bivalves.
Cyst fluid is enriched in glycoproteins (GPs), which are good candidates for diagnosis because of high sensitivity and specificity, (22) while cyst wall and scole contain few identified with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) (12,13) The results of immuno-peroxidase labeling (IP) and indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) also show that the tegument
of T solium contains no specific antigens which are found in other Platyhelmithes.
Histochemical analysis suggests presence of collagen in the tegument
and out cyst wall, muscle fibers below the tegument
and around the scolex area, and keratin at the base of the hooks in both species.
They are generally undetected by the body's immune system because of the ability of the worm's tegument
to attach host proteins to itself as a kind of camouflage.
No sensory papillae were noted, and the entire tegument
had a porous spongy structure, which may function in secretion.
Additionally, paired sets of papillae appear on the surface of the cercarial tegument
, distal to the oral sucker (FIG 9).
Detection of cytomegalovirus antibodies by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant polypeptides of the large phosphorylated tegument
sculptured by hemispheric structures (Figs.
The schistosome tegument
contains numerous mitochondria, which could be the main target of [beta]-lap.