H1c: The tacitness
of the knowledge required to manage the outsourcing relationship is negatively related to outsourcing benefits.
does not imply inaccessibility, nor does unreflectiveness imply unconsciousness, and this permits (or so it could be argued) presuppositions to be grasped when a prior cognitive act is attended to.
This importance is justified by the tacitness
of expert knowledge in some technical subjects, derived from their experience.
As discussed above, a central attribute of knowledge is its tacitness
The focus will be on the direct and moderated effects a firm's knowledge-sharing activities with research institutions, suppliers and customers have on satisfaction, with knowledge tacitness
being the moderator.
Teece (2000) notes four more characteristics of technological innovation as representing an emerging consensus among scholars: path dependency, tacitness
, cumulative nature, and irreversibilities.
In part this is due to the tacitness
of process-related knowledge.
The effects of tacitness
and tangibility on the diffusion of knowledge-based resources.
Despite a number of methodological limits, the existence of local information spillovers seems to be corroborated, and we have good reasons to think that the diversity and the tacitness
of information are at the source of this local nature.
They (and we) argue that a scientific discovery - especially, an "invention of a method of inventing" (Griliches ) - can give rise to localized industrial effects where the information is sufficiently costly to transfer due either to its complexity or tacitness
(see Richard R.
2003; Minbaeva 2007); transmission factors include various formal and informal transferring mechanisms (Persson 2006; Noorderhaven and Harzing 2009); and knowledge characteristic factors include knowledge complexity and tacitness
For further understanding, theorists have variously conceptualized the concept of knowledge in terms of its tacitness
, complexity, and systemic nature (Garud and Nayyar, 1994).
due to a high degree of tacitness
(Simonin 1999); (b) innovative solutions have to be found in a joint problem-solving mode; (c) it is necessary during the negotiations that the whole package, including price-related issues and non-price issues, is bundled and unbundled in order to achieve a compromise; and (d) specifications that may be fixed at one point in time change frequently, strongly, and/or unforeseeably.
They are subsequently classified according to their degree of tacitness
Finally we can also, as briefly mentioned earlier, find situations in which the actor is not able to attach a meaning to her behavior and still behave in accordance to the strategizing game, which is when the knowledge is so institutionalized and the element of tacitness
is so high that the behavior cannot be made explicit by the actor herself.