The Latin term "arborescence" (tree forming or tree-like) was given by Hoffa as the frond-like appearance of the synovium
resembling a leaf in a tree.
This kind of slow blood flow is often occurred with the process of angiogenesis in the inflamed synovium
, so CDUS and PDUS are not sensitive enough to diagnose inflammatory arthritis within the small joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is caused by a faulty immune system that attacks the synovium
(the tissue that lines joints).
As a last resort, surgical removal of the synovium
(synovectomy) may be necessary.
Our main aim of this study is to get complete pathological diagnosis avoiding postoperative complications originating from the left out synovium
in the immediate and late postop period.
Although the condition has been described as a benign neoplasm of the synovium
, its progressive dissemination into the articular structures will result in joint destruction.
Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS) is strongly associated with fibrous histiocytoma of synovium
, pigmented nodular synovitis, teno-synovial giant cell tumor, localized nodular tenosynovitis, benign synovioma, and fibrous xanthoma of the synovium
19) reported that increasing Cx43 expression enhanced the gene expression of IL-6, and knockdown of Cx43 decreased expression of IL-6 in osteoarthritis synovium
A novel biomarker found in elevated levels in the serum and synovium
of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could help predict which patients would have worse radiographic damage, Canadian researchers report.
Surgical release and tenosynovectomy of the carpal tunnel was performed; pathologic features demonstrated chronic inflammation of the synovium
and absence of granulomas.
Since the first report of Wilson , synovium
had been considered the origin of the bleeding [2, 3], and synovectomy was considered to be the most reasonable treatment.
Jaffe was the first to describe pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) as a chronic proliferative disease that occurs in the joint, tendon and bursa synovium
Over time, it has become apparent that these tumors do not arise from the synovium
and can be found anywhere in the body but the rarity of presentation in the extra skeletal sites particularly as solitary pulmonary nodule merits their report2.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that does cause inflammation in the synovium
, or soft tissue of the joint capsule.
Because Hoffa's fat pad includes residual synovium
, primary neoplastic diseases of the synovium
can originate from this area.