OA is a chronic degenerative multi-factor disease that can affect all components of the synovial joints
(Kim et al.
To assist in resolving this ambiguity, we describe an in vitro model that possesses three important properties: 1) It is a closed system that mimics the sealed environment of the synovial joint
in vivo; 2) It contains de-nucleated fluid and 3) It reproduces both a cracking phenomenon and subsequent refractory period identical to that which is seen in real synovial joints
Arthritis is a general term for inflammation of the joints, usually synovial joints
Studies conducted in recent years confirm the presence of bacteria or their particles in synovial fluid and/or synovial joints
affected by inflammation, bringing into question the view that reactive arthritis is sterile [4, 6, 14, 25, 29-31].
Researchers also observed a decrease in cytokine production from cultures of human RA synovial joint
tissues that were treated with SSRIs.
The synovial joint
is a perfect tribological creation of the nature with low friction and high wear resistance acting without any reparation during service.
This monograph contains 28 standalone chapters describing examples of issues and strategies within such disciplines as stem cell biology or biomaterials design or examples of specific applications such as a bioengineered synovial joint
or internal organs.
It's beyond debate that the only sure way to diagnose gout is to identify monosodium urate or calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals in aspirated synovial joint
Research indicates that regular joint loading and motion are necessary to maintain articular cartilage function and synovial joint
range of motion.
Gout can affect any synovial joint
, although the joints of the lower extremity are predominantly affected.
2) This autoimmune reaction activates CD4+ helper T cells, lymphocytes, inflammatory cytokines and mediators that are key in synovial joint
damage and destruction.
Inflammation in the synovial joint
lining and rheumatoid nodules (RNs) are characteristic lesions present in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
The synovial joint
is truly one of nature's wonders, providing our bodies a tremendous range of motion while withstanding forces of several times body weight for millions of cycles of loading throughout life.
Chapters are in sections on synovial joint
morphology, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry; cartilage matrix and bone biology; and cell trafficking, migration, and invasion.
The purpose of our study was to investigate the ultrastructural morphology and antigenic phenotype of synovial bursa cells with light and electron microscopy to elucidate their origin in comparison to the synovial joint