Geertz expresses very convincingly this extraordinary power of James: "The radically individualistic, subjectivistic
, 'brute perception' concept of religion and religiousness, which his location as heir to New England intuitionism and his own encounter with the pinch of destiny led him into, was complemented by the intense, marvellously observant, almost pathologically sensitive attention to the shades and subtleties of thought and emotion they also led him into"; "The Pinch off Destiny: Religion as Experience.
The most obvious parallel here is Georg Lukacs's History and Class Consciousness (1923), in which the author tries to replace the scientistic aspects of Marx's thought with a subjectivistic
methodology borrowed from literary and cultural studies.
Towards a theory of happiness: A subjectivistic
notion of quality of life.
As a result, it strongly encourages a morality that is both highly subjectivistic
and individualistic" ("Conscience and the Holy Spirit" 230).
Thus, their revised model is both objective and subjective, both deterministic and subjectivistic
This view started to be questioned at the beginning of the twelfth century and eventually led to the birth of the present subjectivistic
concept of the individual.
That is, we are not presupposing a relativist or subjectivistic
approach to morals (which makes principles of restraint in some ways much more plausible), in which the fact that one holds a belief, as opposed to the reasons why one holds it, is taken as the salient feature.
One gets the impression, then, that Herder's position is as skeptical and subjectivistic
as Nietzsche's, as so many of his remarks on language, concepts and reason appear to indicate.
This tendency is most pronounced in the writings of Catholic thinkers who take their bearings from the political theorist John Rawls when addressing questions of social justice, for these writings too often adopt the subjectivistic
language of soft, relativistic, democracy.