Einstein thus imposed his subjectivistic
epistemology on QM.
Since subsequent constructivism is often accused for an overly subjectivistic
ontology (and then unwarrantedly attributed as "radical"), it is worth noting that phenomenology accepts the existence of this world.
In the case of Wittgenstein, his search is constantly oriented towards a way of feeling that is different from one that is subjectivistic
and mentalistic when approaching introspection, or from one that is behavioristic and positivistic and which bases itself only on what is objectively observable; the famous phrase should be understood to mean that the inexpressible is contained in that which is uttered.
, relativistic and skeptical doctrines sometimes refuted a predominant dogma by affirming simply a contrary dogma, thus suggesting that there were no arguments by which the truth of one of the conflicting opinions could be proved; sometimes they adopted the method of suspending judgment or defended the viewpoint that universally reliable knowledge was unattainable in particular areas of investigation.
Wu Tong discusses the differences in complexity and systems studies between Chinese and Western researchers along three dimensions: (1) ontological and epistemological emphasizes, (2) objectivistic and subjectivistic
assumptions and (3) the ways of applying metaphors.
Hume's analysis of causal inference, his subjectivistic
moral theory, and his discussion of the soul and personal identity threatened both natural theology and contemporary Christianity.
Hart argues that Edwards may have "unintentionally undermined" (163) Calvinism because of his subjectivistic
focus on religious experience.
In the discussion that follows, we identify three relevant theories: contingency, subjectivistic
, and situational.
Within the science of education similar research has, for quite some time, been criticised for a number of reasons: an ideological base, assumptions of a simple and direct relation between teaching and learning, a subjectivistic
or behaviouristic model of explanation and the absence of lasting insights on the efficiency wanted (see for instance Callewaert & Lundgren, 1976).
Geertz expresses very convincingly this extraordinary power of James: "The radically individualistic, subjectivistic
, 'brute perception' concept of religion and religiousness, which his location as heir to New England intuitionism and his own encounter with the pinch of destiny led him into, was complemented by the intense, marvellously observant, almost pathologically sensitive attention to the shades and subtleties of thought and emotion they also led him into"; "The Pinch off Destiny: Religion as Experience.
The most obvious parallel here is Georg Lukacs's History and Class Consciousness (1923), in which the author tries to replace the scientistic aspects of Marx's thought with a subjectivistic
methodology borrowed from literary and cultural studies.
The very hegemony against which Dewey argued rejected that metaphysics as merely an analysis of experience, understood as subjectivistic
, individualistic, and psychological--and thus inadequate when judged by prevailing social science standards influenced by positivistic conceptions of physical science.
Towards a theory of happiness: A subjectivistic
notion of quality of life.
As a result, it strongly encourages a morality that is both highly subjectivistic
and individualistic" ("Conscience and the Holy Spirit" 230).
This reading of Bartlett is certainly consistent with the general subjectivistic
emphasis within modern cognitive psychology upon the active, transformative role of the 'knower'.