To this point, the paper has been primarily concerned to consider how the field of educational administration has gradually acquired an epistemological awareness through the work of key theorists who had to explore the limits of logical positivism, subjectivism
and socially critical theory.
I argue that the choice between objectivism and subjectivism
Since Duff takes his principle target to be subjectivism
, and much of the book is a sustained attack on subjectivism
, it is important to understand the distinction between subjectivism
Second, to show that things are in fact, say, green and graceful is not to be done with subjectivism
may seem admirably egalitarian in that it takes everyone's moral judgments to be as good as everyone else's, it has some rather bizarre consequences.
The appeal of subjectivism
also arises out of a certain reductionist impulse in modern explanation, for insofar as modern thinkers make the explanation of things hinge on their reduction to local and finite terms, they ensure subjectivist (or locally and finitely defined) conclusions.
Here we find a well-documented description of the transition from rationalism to existentialism, inclusive of the intermediary phase of Romantic subjectivism
Indeed, without a solid basis of study of the text as it is, diachronic methods are open to subjectivism
Any sort of metaethical subjectivism
will suffice for this purpose: that of Hume, Ayer (1952), Mackie (1977), or Harman (1977).
I never act alone, despite an individualism that decays into egoism and a subjectivity that decays into subjectivism
Scientism grossly underestimates the role of emotion in purportedly rational endeavor (as well as exaggerating the transcendent objectivity of reason), while subjectivism
unwittingly implies that emotion and affect are purely personal, irrational states.
As Gardbaum himself notes, Bork gives some play to metaethical subjectivism
in even his most recent writings.
The reader enjoys a fine discussion of Bohm-Bawerk's analysis against the background of Menger's subjectivism
The Floating Opera (1956) apparently makes a case for ethical subjectivism
, as Todd Andrews concludes that in the absence of absolutes, relative values are in no way inferior.
It grows out of, but at the same time is precluded by, the philosophical foundations upon which our conventional wisdom in bioethics rests--in particular, by underlying notions of moral pluralism, subjectivism
, and skepticism.