By this, the long wished-for opportunity was offered to "True" Socialism of confronting the political movement with the Socialist demands, of hurling the traditional anathemas against liberalism, against representative government, against bourgeois competition, bourgeois freedom of the press, bourgeois legislation, bourgeois liberty and equality, and of preaching to the masses that they had nothing to gain, and everything to lose, by this bourgeois movement.
While this "True" Socialism thus served the governments as a weapon for fighting the German bourgeoisie, it, at the same time, directly represented a reactionary interest, the interest of the German Philistines.
True" Socialism appeared to kill these two birds with one stone.
And on its part, German Socialism recognised, more and more, its own calling as the bombastic representative of the petty- bourgeois Philistine.
This form of Socialism has, moreover, been worked out into complete systems.
The bourgeoisie naturally conceives the world in which it is supreme to be the best; and bourgeois Socialism develops this comfortable conception into various more or less complete systems.
A second and more practical, but less systematic, form of this Socialism sought to depreciate every revolutionary movement in the eyes of the working class, by showing that no mere political reform, but only a change in the material conditions of existence, in economic relations, could be of any advantage to them.
Bourgeois Socialism attains adequate expression, when, and only when, it becomes a mere figure of speech.
This is the last word and the only seriously meant word of bourgeois Socialism.
The significance of Critical-Utopian Socialism and Communism bears an inverse relation to historical development.
Jealousy, which is an extraordinary source of crime in modern life, is an emotion closely bound up with our conceptions of property, and under Socialism and Individualism will die out.
And when Socialism has solved the problem of poverty, and Science solved the problem of disease, the area of the sentimentalists will be lessened, and the sympathy of man will be large, healthy, and spontaneous.
It trusts to Socialism and to Science as its methods.
The new Individualism, for whose service Socialism, whether it wills it or not, is working, will be perfect harmony.
The accompanying book, Ten Truths About Socialism
, with chapters from Robert Knight, John Aman, Karen Gushta and Andrew Scott, reveals the record of socialism
in lives lost, freedoms taken, and economies ruined.