Thus, in a woodlot dominated by shagbark and shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa), and containing a Primary Class I Roost, such as Sodalis Woods, many or most suitable trees probably serve at times as alternate roosts.
The nine other trees were three shagbark hickories (Carya ovata), two shellbark hickories (Carya laciniosa),, one mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), one sugar maple (Acer saccharum), one honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos), and one white oak (Quercus alba).
Tree species used as alternate roosts (Table 1) were 15 shagbark hickories, 3 shellbark hickories, and 1 each of the following: sugar maple (Acer saccharum), mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos), slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), American elm (Ulmus americana), white oak (Quercus alba).
Also commercially important is shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa) which looks a lot like shagbark, mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), and pignut hickory (Carya glabra).
Shagbark hickory, white hickory, red hickory, mockernut hickory, pignut hickory, shellbark hickory
Hickory; McClure Preserve and along auto tour west of fountain; Rare; (#); C = 8; BSUH 12551.
Joining this forest mosaic at sites with prolonged, but not continuous, standing water, are communities of such characteristic species as silver maple, cottonwood, sycamore, green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall), overcup oak (Quercus lyrata Walter), pecan, shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa (Michx.
The flatwoods here are different in that a mix of prairie grasses and forbs intermingles with southern bottomland trees such as cherrybark, Shumard's red, swamp white, and pin oaks, along with shellbark hickory, sweet and black (Nyssa sylvatica Marshall) gum, and green ash (Hedge 1997).
2002) found that Cerulean Warblers in Illinois showed the strongest preference for shellbark
hickory (Carya laciniosa) and bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis).
According to Wilhelm (1990), the following plants are typical of wet flood plain forest: Acer saccharinum (silver maple), Cardamine bulbosa (smooth spring cress), Carex amphibola turgida (gray sedge), Carya laciniosa (big shellbark
hickory), chaerophyllum procumbens (wild chevil), Floerkea proserpinacoides (false mermaid), Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash), Populus deltoides (cottonwood), Salix nigra (black willow), and Viola striata (striped white violet).
hickory; infrequent; mesic woods; BSUH 8172.
This periodic flooding with slow drying provides a richly diverse overstory of mixed hardwoods: shellbark
hickory, pecan, slippery elm, sweetgum, hackberry, persimmon, pawpaw, possumhaw, blue beech, pumpkin ash, and the great oaks: bur, Shumard, overcup, and swamp chestnut.