serotonin


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Related to serotonin: dopamine, melatonin
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  • noun

Synonyms for serotonin

a neurotransmitter involved in e

References in periodicals archive ?
At the Agricultural Research Service's Livestock Behavior Research Unit in West Lafayette, Indiana, biologist Hengwei Cheng and his colleagues are examining the use of serotonin as an alternative method to reduce aggressive behavior in birds before they hatch.
In a new Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) study, serotonin is explained as the possible missing link tying together why vitamin D and marine omega3 fatty acids might ameliorate the symptoms associated with a broad array of brain disorders.
Results also showed that the adult rats' brain biology had been altered by the trauma linked cues, much like what happens in the human brain on antidepressant drugs involving serotonin.
The problem is that when the brain gets those pain signals, it responds by producing the neurotransmitter serotonin to help control that pain," Chen explained.
Editor's Note: The finding could explain the "serotonin anomaly" observed in autism, characterized by reduced brain serotonin and elevated blood levels of the hormone.
It's too early to say whether the results hold true for other animals, but there are hints that some aspects of the brain's serotonin and dopamine machinery go awry in people as the years advance.
Ames demonstrated that vitamin D hormone activates the gene that makes the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2), which converts the essential amino acid tryptophan into serotonin in the brain.
Researchers found that the birth of mouse pups leads to a drop in serotonin levels in the newborn's brain, triggering the formation of neural circuits in the barrel cortex and in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), a brain region that processes visual information.
The final drug, bupropion, is an atypical antidepressant in that it does not have an inhibitory effect on serotonin reuptake and its mechanism of action is uncertain.
Scientists found that women who used ecstasy had more serotonin receptors - molecules that trigger biological responses to serotonin - in their brains.
Recent reports of new and important roles for serotonin in the periphery have served to increase interest in circulating serotonin (6).
The most promising candidate genes for OCD at the present time are in the serotonin system and the glutamate system (4).
SAN DIEGO -- Plasma levels of serotonin were significantly elevated in patients with decompensated systolic heart failure, compared with patients in the compensated state and with normal controls, according to a single-center study.
SAN DIEGO - Plasma levels of serotonin were significantly elevated in patients with decompensated systolic heart failure, compared with patients in the compensated state and with normal controls, according to a single-center study.