First, a full explanation of the seemings or beliefs is needed, one that does not appeal to the facts that are the subject of the seemings or beliefs.
Presumably, establishing such an explanation requires sufficiently strong seemings--either contrary perceptions or contrary seemings of a different sort (e.
But there does seem to be an important class of seemings and beliefs that are in the same boat, namely many inductive ones.
our beliefs and seemings are arguably fully explained by these facts.
One might instead conclude that these beliefs and seemings are subject to defeat because they satisfy these critera.
Most work on the nature of seemings has focussed on perception and, to a lesser extent, memory.
Seemings are intentional states because they have propositional content.
Though seemings are intimately related to beliefs, they constitute a distinct mental state type because it may seem to S that p even though S does not believe that p.
A good place to begin the connection of seeming with belief is with an ordinary case in which seeming leads to new beliefs and reinforces old ones.
Sam's visual experience is a seeming whose content is that there is a puddle and bust of Dr.
The first is that seemings require the presence of doubt and hence it is inappropriate to say that it seems to Sam that there is a puddle ahead of her.
The seeming is a state in which she is conscious of the puddle.
Seemings are sometimes overridden by other considerations that block the generation or reinforcement of belief.
Because the conflicting seemings are evenly balanced, Ernie withholds judgment.
Given that the main candidates for analyzing seeming
states are unsatisfactory, a brute view of seemings
is argued for that treats seeming
states as irreducible propositional attitudes.