For example, Oliver (2009) discusses early field recording and rural "proto-blues"; Brooks and Spottswood (2004) archive early jazz and blues artists who came from, toured through, and recorded in rural areas; and McNutt (2002) extends this conversation into the mid-twentieth century when he notes the ruralized
locations of several "regional music centers" across the country.
The 12 papers they have collected discuss such topics as articulations of social class by farm women in New Brunswick, Canada; the role of gender and ethnicity in the division of agricultural labor in New South Wales, Australia; social relations and migrant women farm workers in Canada; configurations of gender, class, and rurality in Australia; gender and class in the ruralized
automotive manufacturing industry in Ontario, Canada; and rural Appalachian women miners' reconstruction of gender in a class based community, to cite some representative examples.
No mere pictorial representation reflecting a ruralized
type, the emblem harnessed a whole host of values, principles, and ideological commitments associated with the myth of the jibaro and with the words pan, tierra, and libertad that surrounded the jibaro profile.
Alcaldes, annually elected communal officers, continued to represent the communities, especially regarding the republican poll tax and intrusions into commons, but they were never capable of developing as powerful a counter-hegemonic vision as the colonial ethnic lords, especially because they were ruralized
Rural women also raise animals, help with the harvest, engage in cottage industries, market the produce from their gardens, and especially in the last fifty years, work as wage laborers in the fields or in ruralized