All virus sequences were obtained from ducks and domestic geese, with the exception of a chicken in China and the following from birds in the United States: a turkey in Minnesota, a guinea fowl in Nebraska, and ruddy turnstones
(Arenaria interpres) sampled in Delaware during 1995 and 2000.
(Arenaria interpres) were regularly observed every month of the 2-year period, and had low abundance ranging from one to six individuals.
(Arenaria interpres), American avocets (Recurvirostra americana), long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus), whimbrels (N.
At least 11 species of migratory birds, including ruddy turnstone
, red knot, sanderling, and semipalmated sandpiper, depend on the billions of eggs that the crabs produce during the spring spawn.
In the rare situation of an adult killing a conspecific adult, there are indications that victims may be in poor physical condition (Franklin's Gull [Larus pipixcan], Brose 2006; Ruddy Turnstone
[Arenaria interpres], Crossland 1995).
Kleptoparasites are opportunists that search for visible prey, whereas the White Ibis and Ruddy Turnstone
are creators of opportunity.
And in that smiling lull, gulls circling overhead, ruddy turnstones
skittering at the edge of the surf, I scramble around to understand the quantum psychomathematics of our intimate exchange.
Prevalence of AIV in ruddy turnstones
(Arenaria interpres morinella) increased after arrival, peaked in mid-late May, and decreased prior to departure.
While clamming this week in Barnstable, I was entertained by hundreds of the newly arrived, intently feeding least sandpipers, semi-palmated plovers, sanderlings, ruddy turnstones
and yellowlegs, which were oblivious to my presence.