Thus, there is turn-taking in a riddling session where one contestant presents a riddle to an opponent, and vice versa.
Riddles have an opening formula to signal the beginning of a riddling session or to prod an individual into a riddling session.
In this article, I use Argenti's and Schwartzman's notion of child-centred verbal play and the aspects of the context of riddling presented by Eastman to demonstrate how Guji children perform riddling and facilitate their own informal learning through it.
Thus, I view children as social actors and construct riddling as a critical element of their cultural practice through which they produce informal social networks and learn about the physical and social phenomena in their local environment.
On this basis, and given that it has only recently been accepted that Old English and Anglo-Latin riddling are basically two sides of the same coin, (14) I will try to show that the sexual riddle category existed as such in Aldhelm's seminal Enigmata and was probably directly transmitted from there into other Anglo-Latin collections including that of Tatwine.
15) But the connection between the literary riddle and erotic/bawdy imagery is actually as old as riddling itself.
Chapter 5 draws helpfully on recent work in genre theory (especially Alistair Fowler's Kinds of Literature) to distinguish between riddle as a genre and a mode, to specify what defines each, and to relate both riddle as genre and riddling as mode to other kinds of literature.
The chapter on Wallace Stevens, perhaps a sort of coda to Cook's extensive scholarship on the poet who started her interest in enigma, moves quickly from varied examples of riddling in poetry to instances of the word "enigma" itself in his later work, where she finds it to be a master trope for his mature understanding of his own poetics.
The agonistic framework and barely concealed aggressiveness that we might expect to find in riddling contests are certainly evident in this text.
It is immediately understandable why the narratives discussed by Stein are characterized as "riddles": not only is the verbal contest between this king and queen overtly interrogative, and their intentions explicitly aggressive; the biblical text itself from which this Midrash derives likewise contains these and other features that one has come to expect from riddling narratives (cf.
One difference may be, as suggested by Tex Sawyer at Mendocino County's Scharffenberger Cellars, that Heck's machine completed the riddling process of wines already in their shipping cases, whereas, implied in its name, the gyropalette turns wines by the palette-load: at Scharffenberger, eight bins--48 cases or 4,608 bottles--at a time.
At Scharffenberger, which currently produces about 25,000 cases of sparklers per year, he uses mechanical riddling machines made by Nutrend Industries (formerly K & K Metals) of Angwin, in the upper Napa Valley.
An additional analogue for this type of riddling idea may be found in a literary enigma by Swift:
Quite simply, I see such associations as disguising and defamiliarizing an object from everyday life, a strategy that is basic to the Exeter Book collection and riddling in general.
Two-foot" and "Three-foot" continue as characters in the ongoing tradition of English riddling