ribosome


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  • noun

Words related to ribosome

an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell

References in periodicals archive ?
They found 16 RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) whose depletion results in a loss of stem cell pluripotency and uncovered six RBPs (Krr1, Ddx47, Ddx52, Nol6, Pdcd11, and Rrp7a) which make up the critical protein complex called small subunit processome (SSUP), and is responsible for making ribosomes.
Yonath, who received the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discoveries about the structure and function of the ribosome, spoke recently to nearly 1,500 people at De La Salle University (DLSU).
Several ribosomes can translate an mRNA molecule simultaneously forming a polysome.
5) Located in nearly every cell in the body, ribosomes are the sites of protein production and are intimately involved in the function of every tissue, organ, and system.
The rpsL gene encodes the 12S protein, which is a structural component of the ribosome.
Keywords: Escherichia coli, outer membrane, cytoplasmic membrane, periplasmic space, nucleoid, ribosomes, vesicles, aberrant mesosomes, betaine
During translation, the ribosome decodes a strand of mRNA to produce a protein.
That choice of amino acids by the ribosome has biologists reeling, because those aren't even the amino acids usually chosen when the protein factories do occasionally run stop signs.
The Cfr protein acts on the ribosome, a molecular "factory" in cells responsible for making proteins that are vital for survival.
NOBEL Prize winner Venkatraman Ramakrishnan's work on the ribosome molecule, which translates genetic code into proteins, is helping scientists design new antibiotics to overcome the growing threat of antibioticresistant micro- organisms.
Other subjects addressed include gene expression regulation in the developing brain, a bioinformatical approach to the analysis of viral and cellular internal ribosome entry sites, and analysis of gene family expression in African endemic- and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.
I had to take a 40% pay cut to come here - a number of people thought I was crazy - and I was in a very tight race to solve the structure of the ribosome, which ultimately led to the Nobel prize," he underlined.
For instance how can one describe how it took eight years for the team of 2009 chemistry Nobel laureates to get the first crystal of the ribosome, the key protein machine in the cell (the operating system of sorts required to write the genetic code)?
The amount of time for a ribosome to traverse an mRNA transcript and make a completed peptide (i.