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  • noun

Words related to ribosome

an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell

References in periodicals archive ?
The re-engineered spectinomycin has a new hook it uses to enter a broad range of bacteria, bind to the ribosome and block protein synthesis," Lee said.
According to this new study, before recycling is complete, the protein Rqc2 can prompt the ribosome for the addition of two of the twenty total amino acids such as alanine and threonine, in any order.
Sirtuin 7 plays a role in ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis.
Because of these differences in ribosome binding site between STR and AMK/KAN, different drug-conferring mutations are associated with these two drug groups.
We believe the recombinant type 1 ribosome inactivating proteins covered by these issued claims offer significant potential for future therapeutic applications," said Dr.
Keywords: Escherichia coli, outer membrane, cytoplasmic membrane, periplasmic space, nucleoid, ribosomes, vesicles, aberrant mesosomes, betaine
Usually that knotted region prevents most of the ribosomes from starting the process, so cancer-promoting mRNAs aren't translated effectively.
During translation, the ribosome decodes a strand of mRNA to produce a protein.
That choice of amino acids by the ribosome has biologists reeling, because those aren't even the amino acids usually chosen when the protein factories do occasionally run stop signs.
NOBEL Prize winner Venkatraman Ramakrishnan's work on the ribosome molecule, which translates genetic code into proteins, is helping scientists design new antibiotics to overcome the growing threat of antibioticresistant micro- organisms.
Other subjects addressed include gene expression regulation in the developing brain, a bioinformatical approach to the analysis of viral and cellular internal ribosome entry sites, and analysis of gene family expression in African endemic- and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.
The Laureates also created three-dimensional models that show how different antibiotics bind to the ribosome, research that has been applied to develop new anti-infective medicines.
Summary: <p>Three scientists who produced atom-by-atom maps of the mysterious, life-giving ribosome won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry on Wednesday, a breakthrough that has been vital for the development of new antibiotics.
The three researchers are honored for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.