What damage can rhinoviruses
do, if any, in the upper respiratory tract?
We know that attachment of members of the major receptor group of rhinoviruses
, such as RV16, to their ICAM-1 receptors on the epithelial cell surface is required for increased IL-8 production (e.
The importance of coronaviruses as causative agents is hard to assess because, unlike rhinoviruses
, they are difficult to grow in the laboratory.
Further research is needed to understand the interaction of ionic zinc and rhinoviruses
, as well as the extent of susceptibility of other viruses to this treatment.
("rhino" means nasal) cause 40 percent of all colds by sneaking right up your nose and infecting nasal cells.
come in dozens of different types, about 90 percent of them rely on the same nasal protein to dock at human cells.
A diverse group of previously unrecognized human rhinoviruses
are common causes of respiratory illnesses in infants.
and adenoviruses, alcohol sanitizer while not quite as effective, still provide high kill rates (< 3 Log 10 reduction) when used to compliment hand washing.
Led by Professor John Upham from the University of Queensland's school of medicine, the five-member research team established that gender was a factor in how the immune system reacts to rhinoviruses
, the viruses that usually cause the common cold.
Coming down with a cold caused by one of the many types of rhinoviruses
is bad enough, but new research indicates that common pollutants can interact with respiratory cells to make the cold even worse than normal [EHP 110:665-670].
These pathogens, known as rhinoviruses
, need to subtly alter the shape of their outer shell in order to infect cells.
A few years ago, scientists learned how almost all the rhinoviruses
get into the body.
More than 200 different viruses, including about 110 rhinoviruses
, are known to cause the symptoms of the common cold.
are the most common cause of acute upper respiratory tract infections (ARTI) or the common cold.
Phylogenetic analysis of P1-P2 sequences can distinguish HRV-B rhinoviruses
, but it is limited in distinguishing HRV-A and HRV-C.