Combined with previous results on the role of somatic and synaptic protein synthesis, these findings suggest that molecules generated directly or indirectly via protein synthesis in the synapse in response to 5-HT might be transported retrogradely
back to soma to trigger LTF-related cellular events, including modulation of gene expression.
This theory proposes that ectopic lesions develop through the implantation of endometrial fragments that retrogradely
flow into the pelvic cavity via menstrual blood.
The reverse CART technique has given the potential to modify the retrograde procedure by improving the controlled movement of the retrograde wire without advancing the balloon retrogradely
, which potentially reduces the septal channel injury and improves the success rates .
Briefly, hearts from male Sprague-Dawley rat (8 to 10 weeks of age) were rapidly removed and retrogradely
perfused at 37[degrees] C for 20 min by perfusate including collagenase II (2 mg/mL, Cat.
The graft was deaired retrogradely
and was brought around through the base of the pericardium and onto the right side of the heart.
After retrograde ureteral catheterization, initial percutaneous access was obtained after injecting contrast retrogradely
Based on the pH dependence and sugar-binding specificity of VIP36, it has been proposed that VIP36 binds higher molecular-weight high mannose-type glycans in the Golgi, and retrogradely
transports cargo proteins to the ER (Fig.
Percutaneous LIMA graft occlusion can be achieved antegradely using coils, detachable balloons and vascular plug devices or the LIMA graft can be occluded retrogradely
by deploying a covered stent in the cardiac vein at the site of the LIMA anastomosis.
The hearts were then cannulated on a Langendorff perfusion apparatus and retrogradely
perfused via the aorta with normal Tyrode solution.
Other research has also found that BDNF can be retrogradely
transported through motoneurons from the skeletal muscles to the spinal cord [81-82].
Two new insufflation tubes were then placed by the surgeons--the proximal ends being passed retrogradely
via the new larger ET, the tracheal ends being inserted into the left and right main bronchi.
After passing through the skin--especially broken skin--the viruses are transported retrogradely
along dendrites of sensory neurons to the dorsal root ganglion, where they remain dormant until a stress situation triggers anterograde translocation along the dendrites back to the skin (Kennedy and Chaudhuri 2002; Terasaki et al.
To facilitate identification, the motoneurons were retrogradely
labeled with fluorescent dye (AlexaFluor 594 biocytin, Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR) before the brain was sliced.
The KDEL residue improves the cytotoxicity of PE by increasing binding to a sorting receptor that retrogradely
transports the toxin from the trans-Golgi apparatus to the ER.
0 mL of cadmium chloride (100 mM) through the aortic catheter and was perfused retrogradely
with phosphate buffer for 3 min, followed by perfusion with 10% neutral buffered formalin solution for 15 min.