58), However, the Court again seemed to interpret baseball's exemption as limited to the reserve clause
For example, in the early 1960s, the MLBPA's legal counsel, Judge Robert Cannon, was in support of the reserve clause
that greatly limited player rights, and had career aspirations to be the commissioner of MLB (Zimbalist, 2003b).
For many decades, the reserve clause
in contracts kept players from being able to sign with other teams.
Baseball's reserve clause
was even more odious than the option clauses of the NBA and NFL, because players who retired were still owned by their former teams, while in the other two sports they could sign new deals after waiting one year.
Brutus can talk, too, but there seems to be a reserve clause
in bulldog DNA.
Tied to their clubs by baseball's reserve clause
, players had little leverage in negotiating salaries, working conditions, or pension benefits.
However, the race does not have a reserve clause
, having closed before the conditions were formalised.
For those unfamiliar with baseball history, the reserve clause
was enacted in a secret meeting of the National League in 1879 (Eckard, 2001).
1) Owners supporting the reserve clause
, a system that allowed teams to retain a player's rights indefinitely, argued that free agency would lead to league domination by teams with the largest markets, destroying competitive balance.
Owners also instituted new work conditions, which included salary caps, regulations and fines for behavior on and off the field, blacklisting, and the dreaded reserve clause
, which stipulated that a team that first signed a player "reserved" his services indefinitely.
Since the late 19th century, a reserve clause
in players' contracts stipulated that the club to which a player belonged controlled the right to that player, unless he was sold, traded, or released.
Korr methodically chronicles the series of union victories through the `60s and `70s, including the abolition of the reserve clause
and introduction of free agency.
Curt Flood, outfielder for 15 years who sacrificed his career by challenging baseball's reserve clause
Shortly after Brant came to England, the European equivalent of the reserve clause
was successfully dismantled.
In this article, a method is proffered for estimating the "surplus" extracted from those players restricted by the reserve clause
, where this surplus is defined as the difference between what the player is actually paid and what he would have received if he were a free agent.