virtues of the informal code and exhorted rival reprinters and the
out of the mass of mere reprinters and indicating to other publishers
Rampant competition among reprinters
also helped to guarantee a relative absence of monopoly in the production of literature.
Well, perhaps Penguin or other reprinters
will whisk it off, and it will obtain the worldwide distribution it deserves.
JOHN FEATHER, PUBLISHING, PIRACY AND POLITICS: AN HISTORICAL STUDY OF COPYRIGHT IN BRITAIN 154 (1994) (discussing the unauthorized reprinting of British books by American publishers during the 19th century and noting that "the reprinters
, despite the fact that British authors and publishers always referred to them as `pirates,' were not acting illegally in their own country").
Even at the final stage of the process, hardcover publishers dispose of their unsold copies much as the mass-market reprinters
have always done-abundantly and quickly.
The historian Adrian Johns describes the lively market for reprinters
in early America, importers and republishers of British material under copyright.
In 1815, Beethoven approached Londoner Robert Birchall, one of the English reprinters
of opus 2 with whom he had known connections.