The literature shows that frequent consumption of snacks high in fat and sugar could lead to excessive energy intake from carbohydrates and this behaviour may reduce the ability to maintain weight loss [17, 18], Our study results tend to support this finding as regainers reported consuming more carbohydrates compared with maintainers; however, we did not evaluate intake of snack foods per se.
We identified higher reported intakes of carbohydrate and alcohol in regainers compared with maintainers long-term post-RYGB.
follow-up compliance and vitamin supplementation adherence) between weight regainers and maintainers.
Participants were classified as regainers if they achieved 30% or less of their total body weight loss, as previously described .
Participants' characteristics separated by maintainers (n = 10) and regainers (n = 17) are displayed in Table 1.