, otherwise known as cat-tail, are the tall plants that grow around the edges of large ponds and lakes, with long thin strap-like leaves that spike at the end.
The aquatic vegetation harvested includes sharp-pointed rush (Juncus acutus), common reed (Phragmites australis), reedmace
(Typha angustifolia), and bulrush (Scirpus lacustris).
In brackish waters reed, reedmace
, and bulrush beds form stands that can be exploited and where some crops may be cultivated.
Since June last year, members of the Brandon Marsh Voluntary Conservation Team have spent more than 1,300 man hours planting reed stems and removing invasive willow trees and reedmace
to encourage reed growth.
Stems of reedmace
were poked in the ground all around the sand mound like dark poplars.
They eat grasses, herbs, soft rush, and reedmace
, as well as ivy, bramble and blackthorn.
Pictures, clockwise from main: a shy roe deer peeps out from behind a tree; a blue tit flies off from its nest; a carpet of bluebells in the shade of the woodland; reedmace
glistens in the morning dew; a fly comes to rest on a primrose
In the fresh marshes and saltmarshes sea club-rush (Scirpus maritimus), bulrush (Schoenoplectus lacustris), reedmace
(Typha latifolia), and various species of rush (Juncus) grow.
Rare plants including the lesser reedmace
, lesser water parsnip and water dock are threatened by the lowering of the water table of the marsh by dredging.