Revision of the American bugs of the Reduviid
Stage and host preference and functional response of a Reduviid
predator Acanthspispedestris Stal to four cotton pests.
210 (13) (a) Other items in juvenile ovenbird stomachs included seeds (n = 2), small rocks (n = 2), hollow synthetic fiber fill (n = 2), and a reduviid
bug (n = 1) (b) Includes only invertebrate groups present in stomach samples and ground-litter samples
In some reduviid
genera, species that exhibit camouflaging behaviour possess a fan of long setae.
It is thought that the blood-sucking Triatominae are generally poorly differentiated from predatory reduviids
, both in body shape and habitat, all suggestive that they have evolved to the blood-sucking habit relatively recently (Schofield 2000).
Palm leaves were dissected using an ax, and the sheath and petiole carefully examined for reduviid
American: Tropical cruzi Reduviid
bug America (Chagas' Occasionally Tropical disease) contaminated Africa African T.
The life cycle involves transmission by blood-sucking reduviid
insects that carry infective (metacyclic trypomasgate) forms of Trypanosoma cruzi in their fecal fluids and deposit them on the stein at the time of procuring a blood meal.
Chagas disease is primarily transmitted by large, blood-sucking reduviid
insects widely known as "the kissing bug", Chagas disease is endemic in 21 countries across Latin America, with an average of 14,000 deaths per year, Chagas disease kills more people in the region each year than any other parasite-born disease, including malaria.
Note that we selected as test predators, the largest wolf spider (Honga carolinensis), largest mantid (Tenodera aridifolia), and the largest reduviid
species (Arilus cristatus) in the USA, as well as a very aggressive ant species (Solenopsis invicta).
Chagas sent a number of Reduviid
bugs to the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, where the bugs fed on marmosets and Guinea pigs.
This compound is responsible for the memorable odor of the osmateria (extrusible defensive organs just behind the head) of papillionid butterfly larvae and many reduviid
Since other possible predators were only occasionally found on these flowers (small nabid, reduviid
, and phymatid bugs) I do not consider them further.
It was unknown in America until recently, but common south of the border where the reduviid
The disease is transmitted to humans through the bite wound of reduviid
bugs (triatomids, kissing bugs, or conenose bugs).