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To rub salt in the wounds of English Catholics, King James allowed his Scottish nobles to collect English recusancy fines.
Arguing that the reconstruction effort "can only really be judged in the context of that decade" (152), McCafferty defends the logic behind that effort while showing that, though Bramhall, Wentworth, and Laud were effective in carrying it out, they alienated powerful lay and clerical interests with their overdependence on prerogative, their strategy of putting off the problem of recusancy while reconstruction proceeded, and their inability to see many of the difficulties in "Anglicizing" the Irish Church.
The continuing practice of recusancy, compelling Catholics to attend Protestant services or pay a steep fine, brought about great financial hardship as "farmers and laborers who decidedly preferred the old forms of worship, were deprived of their rites and ministers, and ruined by spies, pursuivants and bad neighbours, who carded off their goods under cover of collecting recusancy fines, till one by one they gave up the struggle and conformed.
The currently fashionable speculation on Shakespeare's early life sees him as connected with Lancastrian Catholic families, among whom he served a political and dramatic apprenticeship in the shadowy world of English recusancy.
She then turns to Satire 4 and its anxiety about recusancy to argue, "Donne's handling of the potentially treasonous material of his poem is neatly equivalent to his handling of the equally dangerous pose of his portrait.
T]here was a real risk in obstinate persistence in recusancy.
Second, Ackroyd interprets John Shakespeare's sudden absence from the Stratford Council, where he had been a regular and leading member up to 1577, to his recusancy, that is, his determination to absent himself from required church attendance out of conviction that the reformed liturgy was heretical (67-68).
recusant who had been repeatedly fined for his recusancy.
1) This suggests a special community, defined by its recusancy, with its own covert systems of distribution and particular needs for support.
Salinger and Thomas Pynchon, Bill Gray lives in solitude somewhere in upstate New York; his long recusancy from the scene has, naturally, made him a celebrity and the longer he lays low the more famous he becomes.
He writes that in laying the groundwork for Catholic recusancy under Elizabeth and in providing personnel and an administrative model for Tridentine Catholicism across Europe, "the Marian church 'invented' the counter-reformation" (207).
The 1601 parliament, for instance, saw one MP object to a bill compelling churchwardens to resume levying shilling recusancy fines against the very poor, for fear that churchwardens might instead compile a secret list, and "take four-pence for themselves and dispense with the rest.
Specifically, such language underscores the villagers' alleged xenophobia (Taylor and his boat, though English, are perceived as treasonous) and parochialism, here registering as Catholic recusancy in the depiction of the villagers salvaging "reliques" of the ill-fated boat.
In a fascinating essay on the manuscript sources for Constantijn Huygens's translation of four Donne poems into Dutch in 1630 (Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, MS KA XLa 1630), Richard Todd explores how Huygens may have encountered the poems (The Sunne Rising, The Anagram, Recusancy, A Valediction, forbidding Mourning) before they appeared in print.
Nor do we fare better with another alderman, Thomas Whalle, proclaimed one of the "ungodly" because his 1573 will named several sons and other relatives who would be fined in future years for recusancy.
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