The Effect of Child Care Costs on the Labor Force Participation and Welfare Recipiency
of Single Mothers: Implications for Welfare Reform.
using 2001 data found the average recipiency
rate across the states to
Stuck with welfare-long term social assistance recipiency
The latter considers both the recipiency
rate (beneficiaries as a share of statewide unemployment) and the replacement rate (weekly benefits as a proportion of weekly wages).
and Savings Outcomes in Individual Development Accounts, 28 Soc.
Despite low food stamp recipiency
, the vast majority of mothers in this sample appear to meet the gross income criteria for food stamp eligibility.
Moreover, although the program was not means-tested, there were small differences in recipiency
rates between middle and high income neighborhoods.
Hirsch, MacPherson, and Dumond (1997), using individual level data, report elasticities of workers' compensation recipiency
with respect to the replacement rate for both union and nonunion samples.
He sees the earliest examples of patronage in this period as forms of gift exchange within a hierarchical culture in which the lines of patronage and recipiency
are clearly delineated.
As a result, state recipiency
rates (insured unemployed as a share of total unemployed) varies widely.
The harsh administration of the breaching provisions associated with welfare recipiency
is one indication of this.
Concentrations of "bad" neighbourhood characteristics--such as high unemployment and welfare recipiency
, and low educational levels--have an external effect beyond the families concerned.
Country-of-Origin, Type of Public Assistance and Patterns of Welfare Recipiency
AFDC rolls have continued to rise, even in times of economic growth, and concern has grown about long stays on AFDC and multi-generational recipiency
by some families.
Despite these expansions of eligibility, Medicaid coverage is almost exclusively tied to AFDC recipiency
among female heads.