The current Saudi King Abdullah has enforced this rule, that the Wahhabi religious establishment must obey him and all his successor kings, which makes it quietist
and the ruler activist.
argue that IS' threat to reverse the Al Saud's co-optation of Wahhabism illustrates political Islam's inability to come to grips with modernity and the concept of a modern state.
Sistani has not designated a successor, and some see another Quietist
, Mohammad Ishaq Al Fayyad, in that role.
The WuF concept is opposed by the quietists
as well as the Sunni world (see Part 67 in sbme3IrqWuF-Mar21-11, and news23IrnWuF-FateJun6-11 & news2TurkSaudiJuly11-11).
Ward, as Professor Ward points out, minimized Guyon's influence, arguing that there was nothing "distinctive" in her Quietist
Alienated by the extremist policies of the Azariqa, the Basran Kharijites split into quietists
(a portion of whom eventually became the Ibadiyya) and extremists.
In 1684, Labadie led a communal sect of Dutch Quietists
to a plot of land in the New World at the confluence of what is now Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland.
are opposed to the concept of Wilayat ul-Faqih (WuF), the rule of the supreme leader, applied in Iran in the early 1980s by Ayatullah Rubullah Khomeini - later known as Imam Khomeini.
While the German Church was never able to implement its programs completely and thus to eradicate traditional Christianity, it did succeed in making most German Christians quietists
in the face of Nazi atrocities, especially against the Jews.
Many Westerners view the Shias as more radical than Sunnis, but for most of their history the Shias have been religious quietists
who have been consistently marginalized and discriminated against by the much more numerous Sunnis.
I found the story of the evolution toward peacebuilding of German Quietists
and English Quakers starting in the 17th century very interesting.
He has been co-opted, for different reasons, by evangelical quietists
in the eighteenth century, evangelical liberals in the nineteenth, and the American Christian right in the twentieth.
It explains that the quietists
regard the WuF concept as "the greatest sin against Islam".
There are deep roots for the philosophy of the Ja'fari quietists
in the Arab world.
Khamenei's sermon was a final warning to the reformists and quietists
- the quietist
school, to which Sistani and other top theologians in Iran and Iraq belong, forbids Ja'fari religious men from being involved in politics or assuming state posts.