In the companding quantization
, the input is first transformed using a nonlinear compressor function, then further quantized using the uniform quantizer, and finally restored in expander using the inverse nonlinear function.
In Section 2, we introduce some existing quantization
methods and discuss why the performance of those approaches is not satisfactory in terms of the bit mismatch rate and the key generate rate.
To this end, this paper focuses on developing and experimentally verifying a novel model-based controller design methodology with robustness to quantization
and sampling imprecisions, thereby reduce the required time and cost for completing the V&V iterations.
has been used in different areas of signal processing , [13-15].
Table 3 shows the quantization
errors of 3D brain tumor models in millimeters.
error decreases with long word-bits, but the hardware cost increases.
The Logarithmic QIM (LQIM), performing a logarithmic transform method on the input signal before quantization
When [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is big enough, the uncontinuity among the quantization
range is not obvious.
All these systems have been shown to obey the quantization
of angular momentum per unit mass constraint dictated by QCM in the Schwarzschild metric approximation for each orbiting body [[mu].
Histogram equalization, which was developed for image contrast enhancement, is similar to the successive mean quantization
Quantitative Feature, Complete Quantization
Feature, and Partial Quantization
Feature in Fitness Evaluation
In oil-lubricants and motor protection types include: engine oil lubricants hydraulic systems and other purposes, lubricants quantization
systems, greases and lubricants, car radiator fluids and chemical additives.
At a level for graduate or undergraduate students of physics, they discuss general field theory, general problems of field quantization
, the quantization
of the scalar field, the quantization
of the electromagnetic field, the quantization
of the spinorial field, general problems of field interactions, and divergent and non-divergent second-order processes.
Resolution is the smallest quantization
level determined by the analog-to-digital (A/D) converter in the oscilloscope.
is performed in the gray-level pixel space and hence the visual aspect of images is preserved.