In this article, we explore the use of the present perfect
(PP) in Australian English, a variety that has become "richer" in Palmer's sense, as the present perfect
(PP) is being used in contexts where other varieties of English would prefer a simple past (SP).
Then, I will concern myself with how the narratives of these narrators often alternatively rely on two types of diegetic modes--an autonomous diegesis with the simple past tense (SP), and a linked diegesis with the present perfect
Tenses utilized include the present, present perfect
, imperfect and future with an introduction to the present conditional, subjunctive and the imperative moods.
The distributional properties of used to revealed by Tagliamonte and Lawrence are precisely those of the present perfect
the student completed") or present perfect
Deck the Driveway; New Advertising Campaign Makes Lexus Present Perfect
The NRSV enhances the surprising character of God's declaration by translating the Hebrew Qal perfect verb as a present perfect
(note the simple present tense in the NIV).
Having studied Welsh at university, I thought I would cope well with the grammar aspect of the course but past participles and present perfect
simple tenses had me in a spin not to mention the time lines which are supposed to help students understand tenses easily.
Any physical system can be seen as the robust interface between the present progressive and the present perfect
She evaluates nine coursebooks used at German secondary schools in grade six, focusing specifically on methodological options employed for teaching the simple past and the present perfect
12), piacere and modal verbs in the present perfect
1981 for letters) resultative present perfect
(or, to use Maloney's
As discussed by Klein (2000: 370-371) or Portner (2000) (borrowing from McCawley 1971), the English Present Perfect
, unlike the Simple Past or the Past Perfect, gives rise to "lifetime effects.
Topics discussed include modals and the present perfect
, constraints on the meanings of modal auxiliaries in counter-factual clauses, the Italian modal dovere in the conditional, German evidential constructions and their origins, epistemic modalities and evidentiality in standard spoken Tibetan, and fake past and covert emotive modality.
In section 3 I shall focus on two selected innovative features of the verbal system of CKS--the loss of Neo-pa"el and the constructions of present progressive and present perfect
with an uninflected preverbal particle--and their close areal parallels in a variety of Neo-Aramaic dialects indigenous to the eastern regions of the NENA-speaking area.