Henry Hitchings (2011), the author of a recent book on language wars, described prescriptivism
as in part a history of bogus rules, superstitions, half-baked logic, groaningly unhelpful lists, baffling abstract statements, false clarifications, contemptuous insiderism and educational malfeasance.
Lowth and Priestley represent the two opposing traditions of prescriptivism
and descriptivism, respectively, within the practices of eighteenth-century grammarians.
appearing in Abedi (1955) can be summarised as follows:
The different versions of the universality thesis form the core element in Confucianism (Hansen, 1991), Judeo-Christian ethics (Outga, 1972), Kant's theory (1993), Mackie's theory (1981), Rawls' theory of justice (Rawls, 1971; Kukathas & Pettit, 1990), and universal prescriptivism
(Hare, 1981), for example.
For their analyses of these limitations, Hodson and Elfenbein's books put to rest the idea that prescriptivism
offers valid, standard judgments on written and oral English.
27) Hillel Steiner, "Moral Conflict and Prescriptivism
," Mind 82 (1973), p.
Jan Narveson (Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of Waterloo, Ontario) presents This Is Ethical Theory, a straightforward analysis of ethics and moral theory that covers perspectives including utilitarianism, natural law, egoism, virtue ethics, moral relativism, intuitionism, emotivism, prescriptivism
, and more.
But in the early 20th century, when Fowler was writing the extraordinary book, the trend was away from prescriptivism
and toward a descriptive, academic linguistics that, like Burchfield himself, observed rather than decreed.
has to contend with weakness of the will--with the fact, as Hare memorably puts it, that we are wont to take moral holidays.
law's traditional prescriptivism
, the conversation is limited to
Rather than being overly concerned with prescriptivism
, a functional approach to grammar can help teachers to show how words and grammatical structures work to create meaning.
The attempt at finding an alternative approach to the conformity issues that emotivism demonstrates in civic engagement was developed by another form of emotivism which is called prescriptivism
This takes us back to Hare's universal prescriptivism
that accounts for collective as well as individual moral authority.
His judgement in 'Culture Is Ordinary' that such (Stalinist) prescriptivism
'is strictly insane' never seems to have subsequently wavered:
He kept us up-to-date with new editions of reference works, and gave us history regarding longtime standbys: 1963 saw Webster's Third New International Dictionary break the mold of prescriptivism
and venture into descriptive territory (CW, May-June 1990).