frontal cortex

(redirected from prefrontal area)
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Related to prefrontal area: Visual association area
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  • noun

Synonyms for frontal cortex

that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead

References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, considering that BA46 is the core dorsolateral prefrontal area involved in cognition control (metacognition), it can be suggested that BA46 plays the executive control in this frontal language production system; as a matter of fact, when BA46 is damaged, no active language production is observed (extrasylvian or transcortical motor aphasia; Benson & Ardila, 1996; Berthier, 1999).
The executive control network, the main target of this study, is responsible for solving non-automated or conflicting situations and is located in prefrontal areas.
However, current data suggest that the subdivisions of the prefrontal areas do not perform a homogeneous role in cognitive control.
One critical region that is affected is the left dorsal lateral prefrontal area of the brain, an area central to language formation.
The motorcycle-riding team demonstrated improvements in memory, space recognition and other functions of the prefrontal area.
Still in her mother's womb, Michelle's right prefrontal area had no opportunity to commit itself to abstrusion.
This proposed mechanism is consistent with the findings of a study by Gardner et al, who found reduced activity in the fight prefrontal area in patients with tinnitus.
Silberstein (1997) has used SSPT to investigate brain activity during a spatial working memory task compared to a perceptual control task, and reported that during the retention interval of the spatial working memory task there was an increase in SSVEP amplitude in the prefrontal and parietal areas and a decrease in the SSVEP latency in the prefrontal area.
Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), a technique that produces a magnetic field that can temporarily "knock out" or inhibit activity in specific parts of the brain, the team discovered that when the lateral prefrontal area of the brain (a region known for executive function) was inhibited by the stimulation, participants showed more emotional spillover.