For Goldberg, argument structure constructions carry meaning independently of the predicates which they may take.
Various extensions from this basic sense can occur in relation to the differences in the meanings of the predicates which take part in the construction.
Some idea of the intended interpretations of these predicates is required to understand why [L.
LD] are the predicates required to characterize the syntax of the attributed language [L.
However, the knowledge that the formulas encode is specific to the types of objects and predicates
present in that domain.
Chapter Six, "Predicates
," focuses on the various words and phrases which can function as predicates
(the cores of clauses): verbs, adjectives, nouns (noun phrases), auxiliaries, personal pronouns, numerals, or prepositional phrases.
Why are non-verbal and verbal predicates
often not encoded similarly?
The metasemantic challenge for non-naturalists is to provide an explanation of how the previous normative predicates
manage to refer to the relevant non-natural normative properties.
Chapters four and five provide excellent treatments of property elimination (ostrich nominalism) and property reduction (for example, to predicates
, concepts, classes, and so on).
is a device cleared because it was deemed equivalent to one already on the market.
Congress manifested an unmistakable intent that certain of the federal statutes adopted as predicates
for RICO liability apply to extraterritorial conduct.
Functional theories such as Role and Reference Grammar (RRG) (Van Valin 2005; Van Valin and LaPolla 1997) and Functional Discourse Grammar (Dik 1997; Hengeveld and Mackenzie 2008) claim that the morphosyntactic structure of predicates
derives from their lexical structure by means of a set of linking rules, whereas cognitive and constructional models of linguistic description postulate the existence of a continuum from lexicon to grammar (Croft 2001; Goldberg 1995, 2002, 2006; Lakoff 1987; Lakoff and Johnson 1999; Langacker 1987, 2005).
The main classes correspond to the semantic types of predicates
: state, process and action predicates
, and verbs with incomplete meaning as formal predicates
The existence of borderline cases poses deep problems for any attempt to give a coherent and comprehensive description about the behavior of vague predicates
Signed languages have been reported to use complex predicates
) (7) to express spatial relations between entities.