The infants were divided into groups based on age at starting helmet therapy (before 24 weeks, between 24 and 32 weeks and 32 weeks or later) and severity of plagiocephaly
(mild-to-moderate or moderate-to-severe).
However, a study by Mawji, Vollman, Hatfield, McNeil, and Suave (2013) indicated the incidence of plagiocephaly
was estimated at 46.
is an unexpected outcome of the successful strategy to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) which was endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) introduced in 1992.
is unilateral occipital flattening, which may be accompanied by ipsilateral forehead prominence and asymmetrical ears.
Safe sleep environment and positioning: place baby in a supine sleep position for SIDS risk reduction; provide parent/caregiver education on safe sleep guidelines and tummy time to minimize developmental plagiocephaly
Now, aged five months, Faith, who has a twin Grace, has been diagnosed with positional plagiocephaly
, also known as flat-head syndrome, a condition which is not shared by her sister.
causing superior oblique deficiency and ocular torticollis.
The Dutch study found no differences in the change score at 2 years of age for both plagiocephaly
and brachycephaly in 84 infants randomized either to 6 months of helmet therapy or to the natural course of the condition, according to a study published in BMJ (2014;348:g2741 [doi: 10.
The Dutch study (1) investigated the success rate of plagiocephaly
4 reveals a harlequin deformity of the orbits, which is associated with craniosynostosis of the coronal suture or plagiocephaly
However, putting infants to sleep on their backs has been thought to contribute to an increase in infants with flat spots on the backs of their heads, a condition known as positional plagiocephaly
Classification of craniosynostosis Non-syndromic Suture involved Simple Scaphocephaly Sagittal Anterior plagiocephaly
Unilateral coronal Posterior plagiocephaly
Unilateral lambdoid Trigonocephaly Metopic Compound Variable More than 1 suture Brachycephaly Bilateral lambdoid Turribrachycephaly Bilateral coronal Syndromic Crouzon's syndrome Typically bilateral coronal Apert's syndrome Usually coronal, often lambdoid Pfeiffer syndrome Multiple suture involvement Other, e.
Now six-month-old Lucy has been diagnosed with severe Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly
, commonly known as Flat Head Syndrome (FHS), causing her head to be misshapen.
Now six-months-old Lucy has been diagnosed with severe Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly
, commonly known as Flat Head Syndrome (FHS), causing her head to misshapen.
Some specific ISPs have been cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the management of gastroesophageal reflux or plagiocephaly
(asymmetry of the skull) (5).