pitch accent


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Synonyms for pitch accent

emphasis that results from pitch rather than loudness

References in periodicals archive ?
Rather she argues for the flat structure based on the ability to use an intermediate stage in the derivation of a pitch accent to trigger English downstepping.
interference with subvocalization disrupts global comprehension of a text; the rhythm of a sentence affects how words are identified; the preferred division of a sentence into prosodic units and the preferred placement of stress and pitch accents affect its interpretation; etc.
denotes that the tones belong together, which gives support to the analysis of the first component of the fall-rise accent as a bi-tonal pitch accent, a fall ([H.
For the low-fall "with no preceding high pitch accent, an additional meaning of 'non-committal' or even 'grumbling' is conveyed .
At the level of word (lexeme), languages tend to have one of three different word-prosodic features: lexical stress accent, lexical pitch accent, (3) or lexical tone.
It was shown in Asu 2004b that the nucleus in Estonian declarative utterances is often low and level and is preceded by a high unaccented syllable, the pitch accent which in terms of the autosegmental-metrical analysis of intonation was analysed as H+L*.
The basic focus rule states that a word associated with a pitch accent is assigned a F(ocus) feature.
Such a pitch accent indicates, according to Wennerstrom, information that the speaker regards as hearer-old, or already existing in the heater's discourse model.
Section 6 investigates the informational status of the rising pitch accent in the RF-contour and its informational functions.
Face demonstrates that the relationship between the two tones of one bitonal pitch accent may be stronger or weaker than the relationship between the tones of another and argues that a hierarchical pitch-accent structure is able to account for this finding.
The local differences between imperative and declarative utterances include an increased tonal range at the local pitch-accent level, reduced intonational deaccenting, an increased use of an early H tone pitch accent associated with contrastive focus, and modifications of duration.
For instance, in the phonology section the discussion of the pitch accent fails to account for all of the alternations illustrated in the grammar, and here even the material may be unreliable, as the same word is cited now with, now without a pitch accent (with most variation in the running prose, although there are also instances in example sentences, e.
Within the standard metrical model, such a tune can be either analyzed as L*H - L% or as L* + HL%: the two possibilities cannot be adequately distinguished in Spanish because the last pitch accent is obligatorily attached to the last stressed syllable in the prosodic domain.
51a), with an H* pitch accent on Mary, is a clear example of contrastive focus.
Owing to the absence of pitch accent and of intonational focus marking as well as to the optional nature of intonational subdivision, the basic intonational structure of statements consists of a completely flat low-pitched plateau ending in a boundary tone.