2005) emphasized the importance of phenotypic variation
in the future bean breeding programs, and phenotypic traits could be useful in discrimination in bean genotypes.
2013), who found three stable QTLs for yield on chromosome 1H under both control and drought conditions, and explained most of the phenotypic variation
Among these QTLs, qGT10 detected in Ce258-ILs had the largest phenotypic variation
A total of 90 markers (alleles) that were significantly correlated and associated with studied traits, entered the model which some of the markers were involved of few traits and finally 71 markers were effective in phenotypic variation
gigas shell shape would explain the lack of correlation between genetic diversity measured by neutral markers and the phenotypic variation
, likely submitted to different evolutionary forces.
p] is the total phenotypic variation
, where [[sigma].
and gene regulation are covered next, with discussion of multicellular behavior, social signals, differentiation, the cell cycle, and developmental genes.
In the wild population of most bisexual species, phenotypic variation
is determined by two factors: first, is the genotypic difference between the individuals, and second, is caused by diversity of environmental conditions during the formation of the phenotypic trait and manifest itself as phenotypic plasticity .
Growth-dependent phenotypic variation
of molluscan shells: implications for allometric data interpretation.
albicans architecture, and point to complex phenotypic variation
in heterogeneous habitats in Neotropical savannas.
These results fit the predictions of Langerhans (2008) for intraspecific phenotypic variation
with variation in flow regimes.
Field-based, high-throughput phenotyping hinges on the availability of a proximal sensing system, including a sensor platform and instrumentation, that can rapidly quantify phenotypic variation
in the field.
If the effectiveness of natural selection depends on the quantity of heritable phenotypic variation
in a population, what mechanisms are known to generate this variation?
Genetic sources of phenotypic variation
include all those processes altering the structure and composition of the genetic material of an individual (mutations at the gene and chromosome levels, gene duplication, gene flow, and genetic drift).
According to Grant (2010) the synthetic theory addresses evolvability in a population genetic sense; some populations have more genetic variation than others and would therefore be expected to generate phenotypic variation
ar a faster rate.