In our study, the percentage of phagocytic
hemocytes decreased significantly in starved scallops compared with satiated ones, which may result from the low energy of hemocytes after long-term food deprivation, as proposed by Hegaret et al.
The results were expressed as percentage of heterophils with bacteria and phagocytic
index (PI), where PI = (the percentage of heterophils containing bacteria) x (the average number of bacteria per ingesting heterophil).
Those traits include disinfectant resistance, biofilm formation, survival at high temperatures, and growth in free-living phagocytic
The mean numbers of ingested beads per cell (granulocytes) were calculated by dividing the mean fluorescence units (FU) of cells that had ingested three beads or more (positive phagocytic
cells) by the mean fluorescence of cells that had ingested only one bead.
One undesirable consequence of inflammation, for example, is that some enzymes and toxic products contained within phagocytic
tissues are inevitably released, damaging cells and tissues.
Researchers concluded that Bi-07 consumption improved innate phagocytic
activity of monocytes and granulocytes in healthy elderly.
CGD is a rare inherited disorder of phagocytic
cells that can be attributed to a variety of genetic mechanisms.
The precise type of opportunistic infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan/parasitic) that occurs depends on the type and extent of immunologic alteration, whether it is cellular, humoral, phagocytic
, or a combined defect; and on organisms present inside and outside the body.
Small airway obstruction, gas exchange alteration, increased phagocytic
activity and accumulation of pulmonary monocytes are the suggested mechanisms (3).
activity of blood cells (absolute and relative phagocytosis, the percentage of cells having performed phagocytosis, phagocytic
index) was examined using formalinized sheep erythrocytes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunomodulatory activity of different extracts, fractions and isolated compounds in relation to phagocytosis and reactive oxygen species production in human neutrophil cells have been investigated using the PMN phagocytic
function studies, NBT, NO and chemiluminescence assay.
Macrophages, the phagocytic
cells of the immune system, migrate to these sites, inducing chronic inflammation which exacerbates the accumulation of the atherosclerotic lesions.
Diabetes is an integral aetiological factor for MOE in the elderly and this has been attributed to small vessel disease and impairment of phagocytic
Patients with complement and phagocytic
defects frequently have a delayed presentation.
The kinetoplast, seen in the parasite in Figure 1B, distinguishes Trypanosoma cruzi from both Toxoplasma and Histoplasma, which lack a kinetoplast, but not from Leishmania, which does have this structure but usually concentrates in the phagocytic
cells, an uncommon site for Trypanosoma cruzi Leishmania is transmitted by the sand fly; Chagas disease is transmitted by adult reduviid bugs that ingest trypomastigotes while taking blood meals from infected animals, and are then ingested or contaminate mucus membranes, conjunctiva, or abraded skin with fecal material.